نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، واحد بینالملل کیش، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، جزیره کیش، ایران.
2 استاد، گروه روانشناسی، واحد بینالملل کیش، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، جزیره کیش، ایران.
3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، البرز، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Community health is dependent on meeting women’s health, economic, and cultural needs. Menopause is a part of women’s life which has a particular importance in their reproductive health, and thus appropriate educational programs are needed to improve women’s mental capabilities. Acordingly, this study aimed to determine the effects of educational intervention based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model on self-actualization and interpersonal relations in menopausal women.
Materials and Methods: This study was a clinical trial, with pre-test, post-test, and the control group. Of menopausal women working in non-government schools in Tehran in 2019, a total number of 60 women were selected by purposive sampling and were randomly divided into experimental (n=30), and control (n=30) groups. The required data were collected using a researcher-made demographic information checklist, and the Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile-II (PHPLP-II). The health promotion lifestyle program was administered for the particpants in the experimental group in six sessions, one session per week and each for two hours. At the end of the training program, the post-test was taken from the participants in bith groups. The collected data were analyzed using independent samples t-test, paired samples t-test, and multivariate analysis of covariance using SPSS software (version 25).
Results: The results showed that educational intervention based on health promotion model had a positive and significant effect on increasing self-actualization (F=9.53, p=0.006, Eta=0.60) and interpersonal relations (F=8.40, p=0.009, Eta=0.71) in menopausal women in the experimental group as indicated by their post-test scores.
Conclusion: The results showed that the educational intervention based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model can be effective in transition to the menopausal stage and researchers and therapists can use Pender’s model to improve health-promoting behaviors and lifestyle in Iranian inmenopausal women.