اثربخشی روان‌درمانی مثبتنگر بر کیفیت زندگی در زنان آسیبدیده از خیانت زناشویی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران.

10.22123/chj.2020.208130.1382

چکیده

مقدمه: کیفیت زندگی کاهش یافته از عواملی است که می‍تواند منجر به خیانت زناشویی شود. روان­درمانی مثبت‍نگر رویکرد جدیدی است که امکان استفاده از آن در جمعیت بالینی و غیربالینی بررسی گردیده است. لذا، این پژوهش با هدف تعیین اثربخشی روان­درمانی مثبت‍نگر بر کیفیت زندگی در زنان آسیب­دیده از خیانت زناشویی انجام شد.
مواد و روشها: این پژوهش نیمه تجربی بود و جامعه آماری آن دربرگیرنده کلیه زنان آسیب‍دیده از خیانت شهر تبریز در سال 1398 بود که از سوی دادگستری استان به مراکز مشاوره بهزیستی جهت دریافت مشاوره ارجاع داده شده بودند .تعداد 30 نفر از آنها با روش نمونه‍گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و به صورت تصادفی ساده در گروه‍های آزمایش و گواه (15 نفر در هر گروه) جایگزین شدند. هر دو گروه فرم کوتاه پرسشنامه کیفیت زندگی را به عنوان پیش‍آزمون و پس‍آزمون تکمیل کردند.‌ هشت جلسه روان­درمانی مثبت‍نگر گروهی (هفته‌ای دو جلسه به مدت 4 هفته) در گروه آزمایش اعمال شد. گروه گواه مداخله‍ای دریافت نکرد. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل کواریانس چندمتغیره و تک‍متغیره تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ ها: بین روان­درمانی مثبت‍نگر و گروه گواه از نظر سلامت جسمی (001/0=p، 60/0=F2)، سلامت روانی (001/0=p، 79/0=F2)، روابط اجتماعی (001/0=p، 82/0=F2)، سلامت محیط (001/0=p، 80/0=F2) و کیفیت زندگی و سلامت عمومی (001/0=p، 71/0= F2) از مرحله پیش‍آزمون به پس‍آزمون تفاوت معنی­داری وجود داشت.  
نتیجه­گ یری: آموزش روان­درمانی مثبت‍نگر به عنوان یک روش مداخله‍ای موثر در ارتقای کیفیت زندگی زنان آسیب‍دیده از خیانت توصیه می‍شود.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Positive Psychotherapy on Quality of Life in Women Hurt by Marital Infidelity

نویسندگان [English]

  • R Zolrahim 1
  • Sh Vahedi 2
  • N Moheb 3
1 Ph.D. Student, Dept of Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Prof, Dept of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
3 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Decreased quality of life is one of the factors that can lead to marital infidelity.
Extramarital relationships are among the factors affecting women's quality of life. Positive psychotherapy is a new approach used in clinical and non-clinical populations. Therefore, this study aims to determine the effectiveness of positive psychotherapy on quality of life in women hurt from marital infidelity
Materials and Methods: This research was a quasi-experimental study. The statistical population included all women hurt by betrayal in Tabriz in 2019, who were referred to the Welfare Organization's Advisory Centers by the Provincial Justice for consultation that 30 of them were selected using available sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (15 in each). Both groups completed the short form of the Quality of Life Questionnaire as pre-test and post-test. Eight sessions of positive group psychotherapy (two sessions a week for 4 weeks) were held to the experimental group, while the control group did not receive any intervention. Data were analyzed using multivariate and univariate analysis of covariance.
Results: Between positive psychotherapy and control group in terms of physical health (p=0.001, F2=0.60), mental health (p=0.001, F2=0.79), social relationships (p=0.001, F2=0.82), environmental health (p=0.001, F2=0.80), as well as quality of life and general health (p=0.001, F2=0.71), a significant difference was observed from pre-test to post-test.
Conclusion: Positive psychotherapy training is recommended as an effective intervention to improve the quality of life of women hurt by betrayal.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Positive psychology
  • Quality of Life
  • infidelity
  • Women
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