تعیین رابطه‌ی‌ سرمایه‌ اجتماعی و رسانه‌های نوین ارتباط جمعی با تعارضات زناشویی در زنان شهر بوشهر در سال 1398

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه جامعه‌شناسی، واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر،ایران.

2 ااستادیار، گروه جامعه‌شناسی واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه جامعه‌شناسی واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر ایران.

10.22123/chj.2020.209750.1387

چکیده

مقدمه: نوع روابط زوجین و میزان استفاده از رسانه­های جمعی در سلامت روانی و رضایت زناشویی مؤثر است. هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین رابطه­ی سرمایه اجتماعی و رسانه­های نوین ارتباط جمعی با تعارضات زناشویی در زنان شهر بوشهر بود.
مواد و روش­ ها: روش پژوهش، توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی بود. جامعه­ی آماری کلیه­ زنان متأهل شهر بوشهر در سال 1398 بودند که 384 نفر به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی خوشه­ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع­آوری داده­ها پرسشنامه­های سرمایه­ی اجتماعی، رسانه­های ارتباط جمعی و تعارضات زناشویی بود. داده­ها با استفاده از تحلیل رگرسیون خطی چندگانه رگرسیون چندمتغیره تحلیل شدند.
یافته ­ها: نتایج نشان داد بین تعارض زناشویی با سرمایه­ اجتماعی و رسانه­های نوین ارتباط جمعی رابطه معنی­داری وجود دارد (01/0>p).
نتیجه ­گیری: با توجه به رابطه­ی سرمایه­ی اجتماعی و رسانه­های نوین ارتباط جمعی با تعارض زناشویی، جهت حفظ استحکام خانواده و افزایش به­زیستی زنان، لازم است تا مسئولین در حوزه خانواده در سیاست‌گذاری‌ها و برنامه‌ریزی‌ها به این متغیر نیز توجه کافی داشته باشند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Social Capital and Mass Media with Marital Conflicts in Bushehr Women in 2019

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z Faramarzi 1
  • Gh.R Jafarinia 2
  • H Pasalzadeh 3
1 Ph.D student, Dept of Sociology, Bushehr branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran.
2 Assistant Prof, Dept of Sociology, Bushehr branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran
3 Assistant Prof, Dept of Sociology, Bushehr branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Type of couples relationship and amount of use of mass media is affected on marital satisfaction. The aim of this study was Relationship between Social Capital and Mass Media with Marital Conflicts in Bushehr Women in 2019.
Materials and Methods: the present study is a sociological study of this subject. This study was a quantitative study using a survey technique. Data collection tool was between Social Capital and Mass Media with Marital Conflicts questionnaires and the statistical population was all married women in Bushehr who were evaluated using Cochran's formula 384 as sample size.
Results: The results showed a significant statistical relationship between between Social Capital and Mass Media with Marital Conflicts.(p<0.01(
Conclusion: A ccording to relationship between social capital and with marital conflict, to maintain family strength and increasing womens well-being, it is necessary for family policymakers to make policy decisions. And planning should pay attention to these variables as well.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Capital
  • mass media
  • Marital conflicts
  • Women
  • Bushehr
  1. Afshar HK, Safarifard R, Hosseini M, Hodhodi Z. Association between Quality of Family Relationships and Social Anxiety (Investigating the Mediating Role of Family Cohesion). Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (JMUMS). 2018;28(166):81-95. ]Persian[
  2. Gheraati M. Family of  the dream of love to seeing the law. 1nd ed .Tehran: Partove Khorshid; 2009:20-1. ]Persian[
  3. Rasoli Y, Falahat E. The effect of active method of problem solving on marital conflicts in yasuj, Iran. Armaghane danesh 2014;18(10):868-59. ]Persian[
  4. Yoosefi N, Azizi A. Explaining a model to predict marital conflict based on differentiation and personality types. Counseling Culture And Psychotherapy 2018;9(35):57-78.]Persian[
  5. Hajikaram A, Ghamari M, Amiri-Majd M. The Effectiveness of Reality Group Therapy on Work-Family Conflict and Psychological Well-being of Married Women Employed in Telecommunication Company. SALAMAT IJTIMAI (Community Health) 2019;6(2):139-48. ]Persian[
  6. Verhofstadt LL, Buysse A, De Clercq A, Goodwin R. Emotional arousal and negative affect in marital conflict: the influence of gender, conflict structure, and demand‐withdrawal. European Journal of Social Psychology 2005;35(4):449-67.
  7. Kim S-Y, Kang H-W, Chung Y-C, Park S. Empirical application of empathy enhancing program based on movement concept for married couples in conflict. Journal of exercise rehabilitation 2013;9(4):426-31.
  8. Poursardar F, Sadeghi M, Goodarzi K, Roozbehani M. Correction to: Comparing the Efficacy of Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy and Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy in Improving the Symptoms of Emotional Regulation in Couples with Marital Conflict. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences 2019;29(176):225-6.
  9. McMullin JA, Cairney J. Self-esteem and the intersection of age, class, and gender. Journal of aging studies 2004;18(1):75-90.
  10. Shokrbegi A. Sarookhani MB. Modernism and Family social capital:An introduction on family sociology in Iran. 1nd ed .Tehran: Jameh Inc; 2012: 75-77. ]Persian[https://www.gisoom.com
  11. Iman M, Jamaloie Y, Zahri M. Relationship between social capital and marital .Journal of Social SciencesS 2012;6(17):1-32.]Persian]
  12. Minnotte KL, Mannon SE, Stevens DP, Kiger G. Does it take a village to make a marriage? Exploring the relationship between community and marital satisfaction. Sociological focus 2008;41(2):119-36.
  13. Davidsson P, Honig B. The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of business venturing 2003;18(3):301-31.
  14. DeHart T, Tennen H, Armeli S, Todd M, Affleck G. Drinking to regulate negative romantic relationship interactions: The moderating role of self-esteem. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 2008;44(3):527-38.
  15. Kim K-H, Yun H. Cying for me, Cying for us: Relational dialectics in a Korean social network site. Journal of computer-mediated communication 2007;13(1):298-318.
  16. Moradi R, Rashidi K, Korzebor A, Perzad S. Relationship between the Use of Mobile-based Social Networks and the State of Social Relations among Nursing Students of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences in 2017. Community Health (Salāmat-i ijtimāī) 2019;6(2):186-95. ]Persian[
  17. Ansari E, Kianpour M,Ataee P. Sociological analysis of the effects of using cyber space on oral culture(Research case: Isfahan city). Journal of applied sociology 2018.29(1):18-40.]Persian[
  18. Rafiey H, Mousavi M, Ghasemzadeh D. Validity and reliability of bonding and bridging social capital. J Social walfare 2016;16(61):161-179. ]Persian[
  19. Ghareh M, Gholipour N, Anet Z. Examine the role of mass media to  attitudes to sport for all in students of Al-zahra university. Communication Management in Sports Media 2013;1(2):40-7.]Persian[
  20. Jamshidi B, Arab Moghadam N. Darkhah F. Relationship religiosity and resilience in middle and high school students in Shiraz. JONTOE 2014;10(1):21-41. ]Persian[
  21. .Baron RA, Markman GD. Beyond social capital: The role of entrepreneurs' social competence in their financial success. Journal of business venturing 2003;18(1):41-60
  22. Field  J. Social Capital, Theory and Research.1nd ed. New York: Routledge;2003: 68-9.
  23. Baron RA, Markman GD. Beyond social capital: The role of entrepreneurs' social competence in their financial success. Journal of business venturing 2003;18(1):41-60.
  24. Banifatemeh H, Taheri T. Identifying the cultural-social factors on the satisfaction rate of matrimony among married women in Azarshahr. Journal of sociology 2009; 1(2): 7-30. ]Persian[
  25. Klein DM, White JM. Family theories: An introduction. 3nd ed. london: Sage Inc;2007:39-42.
  26. Wagner A, Mosmann CP, Scheeren P, Levandowski DC. Conflict, Conflict Resolution and Marital Quality. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto) 2019;e2919.
  27. Widiantari MM, Utari P, Nurhaeni I. Social Media Effect on Divorce. Proceeding of the 1st Annual Internatioal Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities; 2019 Aug 20-23; Sunan Kalijaga, Negeri,2019: 162-7.
  28. .Aydın B, Sarı SV, Sahin M. The effect of social networking on the divorce process. Universal Journal of Psychology 2018;6(1):1-8.