نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خمینیشهر، اصفهان، ایران.
2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خمینیشهر، اصفهان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: A comprehensive study of suicidal attempt motives in different age groups is a significant factor in the development of preventive measures and effective treatment approaches. This study aims to investigate the lived experience of suicidal attempts in 12-18-year-old female students in Khomeini Shahr city.
Materials and methods: This was a qualitative and phenomenological study that targeted the 12-18-year-old girls with a history of suicide in 2018, according to the information of Khomeini Shahr Health Center. They were 30 people, 17 of whom were selected based on the saturation limit. The data collection tool was a semi-structured interview. The seven-step Klaizi method was used to analyze data.
Results: 562 codes, 73 concepts, and 12 categories in three core titles of infertile individuality (psychological stress, personal failure, maturity process tensions, and religious rupture), structural pressure (generation gap, need for attention, lifestyle, and economic pressure), and social exclusion (loss of social capital, social pressure, virtual pressure, and weakness in communication skills) were obtained.
Conclusion: It is concluded that adolescence is the period of identification with peers, parents, and educational systems, especially with teachers and cyberspace. Therefore, experts should consider the requirements in order to increase awareness of families, schools, and the legislative system for monitoring cyberspace and increasing media literacy. In this way, the basic principles in the prevention of adolescent suicide should be compiled, and the underlying factors should be eliminated or adjusted.