اثربخشی آموزش شکوفایی بر اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بابل در سال 1398

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بابل، بابل، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد آیت‌الله آملی، آمل، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه علوم اجتماعی ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بابل، بابل، ایران.

4 استادیار گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بابل، بابل، ایران.

10.22123/chj.2020.228674.1491

چکیده

مقدمه: شکوفایی انسان یکی از موضوعات مهمی است که امروزه روانشناسی مثبت مدنظر قرار داده است. از این رو، بررسی شکوفایی و متغیرهای مرتبط با آن می‌تواند در کاهش اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی کمک‌کننده باشد. لذا هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی آموزش شکوفایی بر اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بابل می‌باشد.
مواد و روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر، کاربردی و از نوع نیمه­تجربی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری، کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بابل بودند. تعداد 38 نفر که نمره یک انحراف استاندارد پایین‌تر از میانگین در پرسشنامه شکوفایی بدست آوردند، به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای تصادفی انتخاب‌ و به دو گروه تقسیم شدند. شرکت­کنندگان قبل از اجرای مداخلات پرسشنامه‌های اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی را تکمیل کردند. سپس، گروه آزمایش تحت آموزش شکوفایی قرار گرفت. در نهایت هر دو گروه پس‌آزمون را انجام دادند. داده‌ها توسط آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد بین دو گروه در متغیرهای اضطراب (983/10=F و 002/0=p)، استرس (174/9=F و 005/0=p) و افسردگی (252/4=F و 047/0=p) پس از اجرای مداخله تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود دارد. بدین معنی که آموزش شکوفایی باعث کاهش اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی در گروه آزمایش شد (05/0>p).
نتیجه‌گیری: می‌توان گفت استفاده از آموزش شکوفایی باعث کاهش استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی دانشجویان شده و از این رو می‌توان از این آموزش در جهت کاهش این متغیرها بهره برد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Flourishing Training on Anxiety, Stress and Depression of Students at Babol University of Medical Sciences in 2019

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Asghari soleimani 1
  • A Khanmohammadi 2
  • AA Abbasi asfajir 3
  • J Sadeghi 4
1 PhD Student, Dept of Human Science, Islamic Azad University Babol Branch, Babol, Iran.
2 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Amol, Iran.
3 Associate Prof, Dept of Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol, Iran.
4 Assistant Prof, Dept of Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Human flourishing is one of the important issues that have been currently the focus of positive psychology. Therefore, the study of flourishing and related variables can be helpful in reducing anxiety, stress, and depression. According, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of flourishing education on anxiety, stress, and depression in students of Babol University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and Methods: The present study was an applied study that employed a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest and a control group. The research population included all students of Babol University of Medical Sciences. A total of 38 students who scored a standard deviation lower than the mean in the flourishing questionnaire were selected by random cluster sampling and divided into two groups. Before, the intervention, the participants in the two groups completed the Anxiety, Stress and Depression Inventories. Then, the participants in the intervention group attending the flourish training program. Finally, both groups took the post-test. The data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA).
Results: The results of multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) showed that the two groups had significant differences in terms of anxiety (F=10.983, P=0.002), stress (F=9.174, P=0.005), and depression (F=4.252, P=0.047) after the intervention. This suggests that flourishing training reduced anxiety, stress and depression experienced by the participants in the intervention group.
Conclusion: In line with the findings of this study, it can be suggested that implementing flourishing training reduces students' stress, anxiety, and depression.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Flourishing
  • anxiety
  • Stress
  • depression
  • Medical students
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