اثربخشی زوج‌درمانی متمرکز بر شفقت بر افزایش تمایزیافتگی و کاهش تعارضات زناشویی زوجین

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران .

2 استادیار، گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد قوچان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قوچان، ایران.

10.22123/chj.2021.237512.1528

چکیده

مقدمه: زوجین، در تعارض زناشویی با یکدیگر رفتارهای خشونت­آمیز و خصمانه دارند. زوج درمانی از تکنیک‌هایی است که می‌تواند در این زمینه به زوجین کمک کند. هدف از این پژوهش تعیین اثربخشی زوج درمانی متمرکز بر شفقت بر افزایش تمایزیافتگی و کاهش تعارضات زناشویی زوجین بود.
مواد و روش ­ها: پژوهش حاضر، شبه آزمایشی از نوع پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون و پیگیری با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری، کلیه زوجین مراجعه­کننده به مراکز مشاوره شهر کرمان در سال ۱۳۹8 بودند. با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس، 24 زوج انتخاب و به ‌طور تصادفی ساده در دو گروه مساوی قرار گرفتند. گروه آزمایشی در 8 جلسه 60 دقیقه­ای (یک جلسه در هفته)، آموزش زوج درمانی متمرکز بر شفقت دریافت کردند ولی در مورد گروه کنترل مداخله­ای صورت نگرفت. پرسشنامه‌های تمایزیافتگی خود Skowron  و Friedlander (1998) و تعارض زناشویی Sanayi (1387) قبل و بعد از اجرای مداخله اجرا شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس انجام شد.
یافته ­ها: زوج درمانی متمرکز بر شفقت موجب افزایش معنی­دار تمایزیافتگی خود (001/0p<، 114/7612=F) و کاهش معنی­دار تعارضات زناشویی زوجین (001/0p<، 44/275=F) گردید.
نتیجه­ گیری: بنابر نتایج پژوهش حاضر و پیشینه پژوهشی، می­توان زوج درمانی متمرکز بر شفقت را به عنوان روشی کارآمد در افزایش تمایزیافتگی و کاهش تعارض زناشویی زوجین دارای مشکلات ارتباطی پیشنهاد نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Compassion-based Couple Therapy on Increasing Segregation and Reducing Marital Conflicts

نویسندگان [English]

  • B Lotfi 1
  • M Jajarmi 2
  • M Mohammadipour 3
1 PhD student, Dept of Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd Branch, Bojnourd, Iran.
2 Assistant Prof, Dept of Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd Branch, Bojnourd, Iran.
3 Associate Prof, Dept of Psychology, Quchan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Quchan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: In marital conflicts, couples show violent and hostile behaviors towards each other. Couple therapy is one of the techniques that can help couples in this regard. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of compassion-focused couple therapy on increasing differentiation and reducing marital conflict.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental type of pretest, posttest and follow-up with a control group. The statistical population of this study included all couples who were admitted to counseling centers in Kerman in 2009. Using the available sampling method, 24 couples were selected and randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group received compassion-focused couple therapy training in 8 sessions of 60 minutes per week, but no intervention was performed on the control group. Skowron (1998) self-differentiation questionnaires and Sanaei Zaker (2008) marital conflict questionnaires were administered before and after the intervention. Data analysis was performed using analysis of variance.
Results: The results showed that compassion-focused couple therapy had a significant effect on increasing differentiation (F=7612/114, p<0.001) and reducing marital conflicts in couples (F=275/44, p<0.001).
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study and research background, compassion-focused couple therapy can be suggested as an effective way to increase differentiation and reduce marital conflict between couples with communication problems.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Couples Therapy
  • differentiation
  • Focusing on compassion
  • Marital conflicts
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