اثربخشی درمان چندوجهی Lazarus بر ناهماهنگی شناختی و رضایت جنسی در زنان دارای سبک دلبستگی دوسوگرا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: یکی از مهم‌ترین عواملی تأثیرگذار بر کیفیت و پایداری رابطه زوجین رضایت جنسی است. این پژوهش با هدف تعیین اثربخشی درمان Lazarus بر ناهماهنگی شناختی و رضایت جنسی در زنان دارای سبک دلبستگی دوسوگرا انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر نیمه­آزمایشی با طرح پیش­آزمون، پس­آزمون و گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری شامل زنان متأهل مراجعه‏کننده به مرکز طب زناشویی بیمارستان امام خمینی(ره) شهر تهران در سال 1399 بود. با روش نمونه‏گیری در دسترس، تعداد 30 نفر انتخاب و در گروه­های آزمایش (15 نفر) و کنترل (15 نفر) قرار گرفتند. با پرسشنامه سبک دلبستگی (Hazan و Shaver، 1987) غربالگری نمونه­ها انجام شد. پرسشنامه‏های ناهماهنگی شناختی (Harmon-Jones و همکاران، 2008) و رضایت جنسی (Larson و همکاران، 1998) برای بررسی اثربخشی درمان در پیش‏آزمون و پس‏آزمون به کار گرفته شد. در گروه آزمایش، درمان چندوجهی Lazarus در 8 جلسه (هفته­ای 1 جلسه به ‌مدت 90 دقیقه( اجرا گردید. پس از پایان آموزش از گروه­ها پس‏آزمون گرفته شد. داده­ها با روش‏های آزمون‏های t (مستقل و زوجی) و‏ تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری تحلیل شد.  
یافته‌ها: بین میانگین نمرات ناهماهنگی شناختی، رضایت جنسی و مؤلفه‏های آن‏ها در زنان، از پیش‏آزمون تا پس‏آزمون تفاوت معنی­داری وجود داشت (05/0>p). و درمان چندوجهی Lazarus باعث کاهش ناهماهنگی شناختی و افزایش رضایت جنسی در آزمودنی‏های گروه آزمایش شد (05/0>p). 
نتیجه‌گیری: درمان چندوجهی Lazarus می‏تواند بر سازه‏های روانی از جمله ناهماهنگی شناختی و رضایت جنسی زنان دارای سبک دلبستگی دوسوگرا اثرگذار باشد. جهت بالا بردن اعتبار بیرونی پیشنهاد می‏گردد که تحقیقات بیشتری صورت بگیرد.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Lazarus Multimodal Therapy on Cognitive Dissonance and Sexual Satisfaction in Women with Ambivalent Attachment Style

نویسندگان [English]

  • A Naami 1
  • A Rezayatizadeh 2
1 Prof, Dept of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 Ph. D Student, Dept of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: One of the most important factors affecting the quality and stability of a couple's relationship is sexual satisfaction. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of Lazarus Multimodal Therapy on cognitive dissonance and sexual satisfaction in women with ambivalent attachment style.
Material and Methods: The research was quasi-experimental with a pre-test and post-test design and a control group. The statistical population included all married women admitted to the Marital Medicine Center of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran in 2020. By available sampling, 30 people were selected and divided into experimental (n =15) and control (n =15) groups. Samples were screened using the Attachment Style Questionnaire (Hazan and Shaver, 1987). Cognitive dissonance questionnaire (Harmon-Jones et al., 2008), sexual satisfaction questionnaire (Larson et al., 1998) were used to examine the effectiveness of the therapy in pre-test and post-test. In the experimental group, Multimodal Therapy was performed in 8 sessions (1 session per week lasting 90 minutes). At the end of the training, a post-test was taken from the groups. Data were analyzed using a t-test (independent and paired) and multivariate analysis of covariance.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of cognitive dissonance, sexual satisfaction, and their components in women, in the pre-test and the post-test (p<0.05). Moreover, Lazarus Multimodal Therapy reduced cognitive dissonance and increased sexual satisfaction in the subjects of the experimental group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Lazarus multimodal therapy can affect psychological constructs such as cognitive dissonance and sexual satisfaction of women with ambivalent attachment style. It is recommended that more research be done to increase external credibility.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Multimodal therapy
  • cognitive dissonance
  • sexual satisfaction
  • Ambivalent attachment style
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