عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Â Â Â Introduction: Euthanasia means mercy killing, nurses and physicians of intensive care units are often the first people who are encountered with the request for euthanasia from the patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of nurses and physicians in the intensive care units toward euthanasia in the university hospitals of Yazd. Â Materials and Methods: This cross - sectional analytic study was performed on a random sample of 110 nurses and physicians of intensive care units. Data was collected by the use of a standard self-reported questionnaire consisting of 4 parts: demographics, admission of active and passive euthanasia, Trolley Dilemma and measure of attitudes to euthanasia. The reliability of the questionnaire in Aghababaei study was verified with alpha 0.88. Collected data was analyzed using SPSS18 software by t-test, ANOVA, Ï 2, the correlation coefficient and regression. Â Results: The mean of the attitude towards euthanasia was 45.05 Â± 15.48. Eighty nine was the highest scores and 24 was the lowest score. Distribution of attitudes toward euthanasia showed undesirable (negative) attitude to euthanasia with 60.9% as the highest frequency. The mean of the attitude score showed significant differences based on age, the time of service in the ICU ward, the service records and gender. The attitude scale was consistent with the Trolley Dilemma acceptance of active and passive euthanasia. Â Conclusion: According to the results, the general attitudes toward euthanasia were undesirable. However, considering easier acceptance of the men as well as the more experienced personnel towards euthanasia, training programs must be designed and implemented in order to increase the knowledge and improve the attitudes and morale of the personnel and increase their patience and tolerance.