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عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: In order to presents effective health services to a community, professional concepts should be defined based on the beliefs, values and culture appreciated by that community. Since the concepts of environment and community are of paramount importance, so their explanation is indispensable for promotion of community health. Based on these considerations, the objective of the present study was to define the concepts of environment and community in nursing based on the Islamic resources.
Materials and Methods: The pre-mentioned concepts were defined and analyzed using Walker and Avant's (2005) concept analysis, and the theories of Ayatollah Javadi Amoli and Morteza Motahari as the two main Islamic resources.
Results: According to the Islam religion, human being as the successor of Allah upon the earth is always interacted with natural environment and society. Human being is affected by reformation or corruption of the natural environment although, human himself is the final determinant. Community and human are two independent entities so that the former is required to social life and the latter is formed by individuals. Although, they affect on each other but it is human who is responsible for health promotion.
Conclusion: Regarding the Islamic instruction, human being is not the submissive of the environment although he is affected by the environment and this semantic difference causes nurses’ activities related to the community health are not affected only by human life’s events or his experiences. Due to the significant difference of the Islamic attitudes with other popular cultures towards community health, replanning of community health programs based on the Islamic resources is warranted.
This research doesn’t need to ethical approval. Funding in this research supplied with Tarbiat Modares University. This research has not conflict of interest.