اثربخشی بهزیستی درمانی بر نشانگان اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی در مردان تحت درمان اجتماع مدار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه علم و فرهنگ، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی سلامت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رودهن، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اراک، اراک، ایران.

4 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: مداخلات روان‌شناختی نقش مهمی در پیشگیری و درمان اعتیاد ایفا می‌نمایند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی درمان بهزیستی بر اضطراب، استرس و افسردگیدر مردان تحت درمان اجتماع مدار در برهه زمانی شهریور ماه لغایت بهمن ماه 1395 صورت پذیرفت.
مواد و روش‌ها: در یک مطالعه تجربی، از میان مصرف­کنندگان مت‌آمفتامین تحت درمان در مرکز اجتماع‌مدار وردیچ، 30 بیمار مرد به صورت داوطلبانه انتخاب شدند و پس از انجام غربالگری بر اساس شاخص‌های اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی در نهایت 24 بیمار در قالب دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل (هر گروه 12 نفر) تحت بررسی قرار گرفتند. درمان بهزیستی طی 12 جلسه و به صورت جلسات یک ساعته هفتگی به گروه آزمایش ارائه شد. همچنین دو بار در هفته تست ادرار با آستانه مفروض سی‌صد نانوگرم در میلی‌لیتر به منظور احراز اطمینان از پایبندی به پرهیز از مصرف به عمل آمد. داده‌ها توسط آزمون‌های مجذور کای‌ و t مستقل مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته­ ها: تحلیل یافته‌ها نشان داد که درمان بهزیستی بر شاخص اضطراب اثربخشی معنی­داری داشته است (51/2±84/20) در گروه آزمایش در برابر (13/2±32/24) در گروه کنترل، 01/0>p)، گرچه درمان مذکور بر دو شاخص استرس و افسردگی اثربخشی معنی­داری نشان نداد (05/0<p).
 نتیجه­ گیری: یافته­های این مطالعه می­تواند چشم­انداز امیدوار­کننده­ای از اثربخشی درمان­های مثبت­گرا بر شاخص­هایروان­شناختی مصرف­کنندگان مواد را ترسیم نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Well Being Therapy on Symptoms of Anxiety, Stress and Depression in Men on Therapeutic-Community

نویسندگان [English]

  • B pirnia 1
  • S Mansour 2
  • E Najafi 3
  • R Reyhani 4
1 PhD Student of Clinical Psychology, Dept of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran.
2 PhD Student of Health Psychology, Dept of Psychology, Islamic Azad University Roudehen Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 MSc Student in Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University Arak Branch, Arak, Iran.
4 MSc, Dept of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, Iran.
چکیده [English]

  
Introduction: Psychological interventions play an important role in the prevention and treatment of addiction. This research was done with the purpose of investigating the efficacy of well-being therapy on three indexes of anxiety, stress and depression.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, from August to January, 2014, thirty men using methamphetamine under supervision of Verdich Therapeutic-Community Center were voluntarily selected. They were then screened based on the diagnostic criteria for anxiety, stress and depression, and finally twenty-four patients were included and randomly assigned into two groups of twelve ,experiment and control group. The experimental group received 12 weekly sessions of well-being each lasting one hour. Also, addiction urine test was taken two times per week with cutoff value 300 Ng/ml. The data were analyzed by Chi-Square and t-tests.
 Results: Data analysis showed that well-being therapy had a significant effect on anxiety (20.84±2.51 for exp group vs 24.32±2.13 for control group, p<0.01). However, this intervention had no significant effect on stress and depression indexes (p>0.05).
Conclusion: The findings of this study may have an optimistic outlook on the efficacy of therapeutic interventions on psycho-cognitive impairments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Well-being Therapy
  • Anxiety
  • Therapeutic Communication
  • Addiction
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