پیش‌بینی گرایش به اعتیاد و اختلالات مرتبط با مواد براساس اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی و کیفیت زندگی در دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام نور شهرکرمانشاه، 1395

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام ‌نور، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: اعتیاد یکی از مهم‌ترین انحرافات اجتماعی است که پایه و اساس بسیاری از آسیب‌ها و مُعضلات اجتماعی در سطح جامعه است. دانشجویان به دلیل شرایط خاص از جمله دوری از خانواده، وارد شدن به مجموعه­ای بزرگ و پُرتنش، مشکلات اقتصادی و نداشتن درآمد کافی مستعد از دست دادن سلامت هستند. هدف پژوهش حاضر پیش‌بینی گرایش به اعتیاد و اختلالات مرتبط با مواد در دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام نور شهر کرمانشاه بر اساس اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی و کیفیت زندگی بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر از نوع توصیفی و جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه دانشجویان مشغول به تحصیل در مقطع کارشناسی دانشگاهپیام نور کرمانشاه در سال 1395 بود.با روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی ساده، 290 نفر انتخاب و پرسشنامه‌های اضطراب اجتماعی، کیفیت زندگی و سنجش رفتارهای پُرخطر تکمیل گردیدند. داده‌ها با روش‌های آمار توصیفی، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چندگانه تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: میزان شیوع اضطراب اجتماعی 22 درصد بود. بین اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی و استعداد به اعتیاد رابطه مستقیم و معنی­دار وجود داشت (78/0=r، 72/0=β، 001/0>p). همچنین، بین نمرات پایین در کیفیت زندگی با استعداد به اعتیاد رابطه معکوس و معنی دار بود (69/0-=r، 54/0-=β، 001/0>p).
نتیجه‌گیری: شیوع اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی در دانشجویان شهرکرمانشاه در مقایسه با سایر پژوهش‌های انجام گرفته در داخل و خارج از کشور قابل ملاحظه است. نتایج نشان داد اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی و کیفیت زندگی نقش مهمی در پیش­بینی آمادگی به اعتیاد دارند؛ بنابراین می­توان انتظار داشت که با آموزش این مهارت ها به دانشجویان از این معضل خانمان سوز جلوگیری کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Tendency to Addiction and Substance-Related Disorders based on Social Anxiety Disorder and Quality of Life among Students of Kermanshah University of Payame-Noor, 2016

نویسنده [English]

  • M Mohammadkhani
Assistant Prof, Dept. of Psychology, University of Payame Noor, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Addiction as one of the most important social deviances is increasingly becoming the basis of many social problems and f harms. Due to changing of their socioeconomic status, students seems to be more prone to the health-threatening habits and behaviors including opium addiction. The aim of this study was to predict the tendency to addiction and related disorders in students of Kermanshah University of Payame-Noor based on social anxiety disorder and quality of life.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 290 undergraduate students of Kermanshah University of Payame-Noor were included using simple random sampling method. The data gathering tool was the questionnaires of SPIN, WHOQL-26, and YRBS. The data was then analyzed using multiple regression, earson correlation coefficients and 21-SPSS software version 21.
Results: Twenty-two percent of the participants had social anxiety disorder (SAD). There was a direct and significant relationship between addiction tendency and SAD (r=-0.78, B=0.72, p<0.001) and also low scores of the quality of life (r=-0.69, B=-0.54, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Our findings showed that the SAD and poor conditions of life may prone students to opium addiction or other antisocial behaviors. So pre-university education courses for students seems to be of paramount importance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Addictive
  • social anxiety disorder
  • Quality of Life
  • Students
  • Kermanshah cit
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