نقش هیجان‌های منفی، نشخوار ذهنی و بازداری رفتاری در پیش‌بینی علائم اختلال ملال قبل از قاعدگی در دانشجویان دختر دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، سال 1394

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای تخصصی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: اختلال ملال قبل از قاعدگی، یک بیماری جسمی - روانی است که با تغییر سطوح استروئیدهای جنسی در چرخه قاعدگی– تخمک­گذاری آغاز می­شود. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش هیجان­های منفی، نشخوار ذهنی و بازداری رفتاری در پیش‌بینی علائم ملال قبل از قاعدگی در دانشجویان دختر دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان در سال 1394 انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این مطالعه توصیفی، جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان دختر دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان در سال 1394 بود. با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس تعداد 267 نفر انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه غربالگری ملال پیش از قاعدگی، پرسشنامه­ پنج عاملی جکسون، نگرانی ایالت پنسیلوانیا، نشخوار ذهنی، افسردگی بک ویرایش دوم و اضطراب بک بود. داده­ها با استفاده از روش رگرسیون با به­کارگیری روش تحلیل مسیر مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: نتایج مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که اضطراب با قدرت تبیین حدود 2/29 درصد (435/0=β و 001/0>p)، افسردگی با قدرت تبیین 27 درصد (356/0=β و 001/0>p) و متغیرهای نشخوار ذهنی (171/0=β و 001/0>p)، بازداری رفتاری (213/0= β و 001/0>p) و نگرانی (142/0=β و 001/0>p) پیش­بینی­کننده علائم مربوط به اختلال ملال قبل از قاعدگی
می­باشند.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش نشان داد که متغیرهای اضطراب، افسردگی، نگرانی، نشخوار ذهنی و بازداری رفتاری با علائم اختلال ملال قبل از قاعدگی در ارتباط هستند. این نتایج اهمیت پرداختن به سلامت روان دانشجویان را نشان می­دهد و لازم است به منظور ارتقای سطح سلامت روان آنان تدابیری اندیشید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Negative Emotions, Mental Rumination, And Behavioral Inhibition System In prediction Of the Symptoms of Premenstrual dysphoric Disorder among Female Students of Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University in 2015

نویسندگان [English]

  • G Chalbianloo 1
  • R Abdi 1
  • F Haghighi 2
  • R Pak 2
1 PhD, Dept of Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
2 MSc, Dept of General Psychology, Shahid Madani University of Azerbaijan, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Premenstrual dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is a mental - physical disease initiated by changing the levels of sex steroids in menstrual–ovulation cycle. Thus, the present study was conducted aiming to investigate the role of negative emotions, mental rumination, and Behavioral Inhibition System in prediction of the symptoms of premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder in female students of Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University in 2015.
Materials and Methods: The statistical population of this descriptive study included all female students of Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University in 2015. Using a Convenience Sampling method, 267 students were selected for   this study. Research tools were; the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST), Five-Factor Jackson Personality Inventory, Penn State Worry, Rumination, the Beck Depression -II (BDI-II), and the Beck Anxiety (BAI). Data was analyzed using regression method by applying Path Analysis Method.
Results: The findings of the present research depicted that anxiety with explanation force of about 29/2 percent (p=0/001, β=0/435) and depression with explanation force of 27 (p=0/001, β=0/356), and also variables of mental rumination  (p=0/001, β=0/171), behavioural inhibition  (p=0/001, β=0/213), and worry (p=0/001, β=0/142) were significant in the prediction of symptoms regarding Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.
Conclusion: The results of this study illustrated that variables of anxiety, depression, worry, mental rumination, and behavioural inhibition are associated with the symptoms of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. These results proved the significance of paying more attention to the mental health of students and also designing more efficient practical plans for promotion of mental health-related issues is of paramount importance.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
  • Negative Emotions
  • MentalRumination
  • Behavioral inhibition
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