پیش‌بینی سلامت روان دانشجویان دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز بر اساس احساس گناه سالم و ناسالم در سال 1396

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری تخصصی، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه روان شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سلامت روان، مهم‌ترین عامل مؤثر در رشد و پرورش استعدادهای دانشجویان می­باشد. یکی از شاخص‌های ارزیابی سلامت روان؛ احساس گناه است که فرد را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد. پژوهش حاضر، با هدف پیش­بینی سلامت روان بر اساس احساس گناه سالم و ناسالم در دانشجویان دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز در سال 1396 انجام گرفت.
مواد و روش ­ها: در این پژوهش توصیفی- مقطعی، تعداد 300 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز به روش
نمونه­گیری تصادفی طبقه­ای انتخاب شدند. از 2 پرسش­نامه احساس گناه سالم و ناسالم و مقیاس سلامت عمومی به عنوان ابزار جمع­آوری داده­ها استفاده شد. داده­ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون خطی چندگانه تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد که احساس گناه سالم (193/0-=r) و احساس گناه ناسالم (303/0=r) به طور معنی­داری با سلامت روان (ابعاد ناسازگار سلامت روان) همبستگی دارند (05/0>p). بالاترین ضریب همبستگی مربوط به احساس گناه ناسالم
می­باشد که مهم‌ترین متغیر پیش­بین در پژوهش حاضر است. ضرایب تحلیل رگرسیون با روش ورود مکرر برای ترکیب خطی متغیرهای احساس گناه سالم و ناسالم با سلامت روان در سطح کمتر از 001/0 معنی­دار بود.
نتیجه ­گیری: با توجه به نتایج این پژوهش، برخلاف دیدگاه سنتی، احتمالاً احساس گناه در ایجاد اختلالات روانی نقش عمده‌ای ندارد و همیشه ناسازگار نیست. در واقع، احساس گناه دارای طیفی است که از سویی باعث بروز رفتارهای سازگار
می­شود و از سویی دیگر در بروز نشانگان و رفتارهای ناسازگار نقش دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Mental Health of Students of Ahwaz University of Shahid Chamran o Based on Healthy and Unhealthy Guilt in 2017

نویسندگان [English]

  • S A Marashi 1
  • M bavi 2
  • I davodi 1
1 Ph.D, MD, MPH, Dept of Clinical Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
2 MSc, Dept of Clinical Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Mental health is the most important factor in the growth and development of students' talents. One of the indicators of mental health assessment is the feeling of guilt that affects the person. The present study was aimed to predict the mental health of students of Ahwaz University of Shahid Chamran based on healthy and unhealthy guilt in 2017.
Materials and Methods: In this Analytical and cross-sectional study, 300 students were selected using randomly stratified methodology. Two questionnaires regarding healthy and unhealthy feelings of guilt and mental health scale were used as means of data collection. The data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple linear regressions analysis.
Results: The results showed that healthy (r=-0/193) and unhealthy feelings (r=0/303) of guilt were significantly correlated with mental health status (Incompatible aspects of mental health) (p<0/05). The highest correlation coefficient was related to unhealthy feelings of guilt, which was the most important predictive variable in this study. The regression coefficient between healthy and unhealthy feelings of guilt with mental health was statistically significant at < 0.001.
Conclusion: According to the results of this research, On the contrary of traditional view of feelings of guilt, this feeling probably does not play a main role in developing mental disorders and it is not always maladaptive. In fact, feelings of guilt have a range from   adaptive to maladaptive behaviors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mental health
  • Healthy feelings of guilt
  • Unhealthy feelings of guilt
  • Students
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