نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری روان شناسی، واحد ایلام، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ایلام، ایران
2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد ایلام، ایلام، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) are commonly grouped under the name "the third wave of cognitive behavior therapy" and are based on the acceptance- and mindfulness-based approaches rather than challenging them. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of these two approached on behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation in men with substance abuse.
Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 60 men were selected using available sampling method among all men with substance abuse referred to the Drug Rehabilitation Centers in Kermanshah City in 2017-18. The participants were randomly divided into three groups of 20, two experimental groups and one control group. Participants in the acceptance and commitment therapy and dialectic behavioral therapy received 10 and 12 sessions of intervention respectively and the control group received nothing. The instrument for collecting data was a behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation scale, which was performed in all three stages of pre-test, post-test and three-month follow up on the subjects. The data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance post hoc test.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of pre-test, post-test and follow up values of the experimental groups (p£0.001). However, this finding was not observed between the two experimental groups.
Conclusions: The results showed that men with substance abuse may benefit from recent acceptance- and mindfulness-based approaches including acceptance and commitment therapy and dialectic behavioral therapy.