مقایسه ابعاد ناگویی هیجانی با هوش هیجانی، علائم روانشناختی و بهوشیاری در بیماران هیپرتانسیون اساسی و افراد سالم شهر کرمانشاه در سال 1395

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، واحد بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، واحد بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

4 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام ‌نور، تهران، ایران.

5 کارشناس ارشد، گروه تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

6 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، واحد خمینی شهر، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: بیماری هیپرتانسیون اساسی، اختلالی روانی- فیزیولوژیک است که علاوه بر عوامل زیستی، عوامل روان‌شناختی نیز در بروز و تشدید آن نقش دارند. لذا، پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه ابعاد ناگویی هیجانی با هوش هیجانی، علائم روانشناختی و بهوشیاری در بیماران هیپرتانسیون اساسی و افراد سالم انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر توصیفی از نوع علی-مقایسه­ای است. در این پژوهش 100 نفر مبتلا به هیپرتانسیون اساسی مراجعه­کننده به مطب پزشک متخصص قلب و عروق در شهر کرمانشاه در سال 1395 به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس و 100 نفر سالم از بین همراهان بیماران و کارمندان دانشگاه از طریق همتاسازی با نمونه­ بیمار انتخاب شدند. جمع‌آوری داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه‌های جمعیت‌شناختی، ناگویی هیجانی، مقیاس بیمارستانی اضطراب و افسردگی، هوش هیجانی و بهوشیاری انجام شد. داده‌های پژوهش با روش‌های آمار توصیفی، آزمون مجذور کای و t مستقل تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد بین دو گروه هیپرتانسیون و سالم در متغیرهای وزن، شاخص تودۀ بدنی، دشواری در شناسایی احساسات، دشواری در توصیف احساسات و تفکر برون‌مدار تفاوت معنی­دار وجود داشت (05/0>p)؛ اما این تفاوت در مورد متغیر قد معنی­دار نبود (05/0<p). همچنین، بین دو گروه مبتلا به هیپرتانسیون و افراد سالم در متغیرهای روان‌شناختی ناگویی هیجانی، افسردگی و اضطراب، بهوشیاری و هوش هیجانی تفاوت معنی­داری وجود داشت (05/0>p).
نتیجه‌گیری: علاوه بر عوامل زیستی، عوامل روان‌شناختی و رفتاری که با سهولت بیشتری تغییر می‌یابند، نیز با هایپرتانسیون رابطه دارند. پیشنهاد می­شود که این متغیرها در فرآیند درمان افراد دارای هایپرتانسیون اساسی مورد توجه قرار گیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparison of Dimensions of Alexithymia with Emotional Intelligence, Psychological Symptoms and Mindfulness in Patients with Hypertension Compared with Healthy Individuals in the City of Kermanshah in Year 2016

نویسندگان [English]

  • E Deyreh 1
  • Z GhafariJahed 2
  • M Farhadi 3
  • M Mohammadkhani 4
  • I Safari 5
  • N Bagheri Mahyari 6
1 Assistant Prof, Dept of psychology, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr Branch, Bushehr, Iran.
2 PhD Student, Dept of psychology, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr Branch, Bushehr, Iran.
3 Assistant Prof, Dept of psychology, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, BuAli Sina University, Hamedan.
4 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, University of Payame Noor, Tehran, Iran.
5 MSc, Dept of Educational Technology, University of Payame Noor, Tehran, Iran.
6 MSc, Dept of Consulting, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Isfahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: In addition to biological and physical risks, psychological factors also play a role in the development and aggravation of essential hypertension disease which is a psycho-physiological disorder. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the comparison of dimensions of alexithymia with emotional intelligence, anxiety, depression and mindfulness in patients with hypertension compared with healthy individuals.
Material and Methods: This is a descriptive and causal-comparative study. In this study, 100 patients (50 women and 50 men) with hypertension who referred to a cardiologist’s office in the city of Kermanshah in 2016 were selected by using an available sampling method, and 100 healthy people (50 women and 50 men) were selected and matched with the patients group among the people accompanying the patients and among the hospital staff. Data were collected using questionnaires of demographic variables, TAS-20, HADS, PFEIQ, and MASS was used to analyze the collected data. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square tests and independent t-tests.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference (p<0.05) between the two groups in hypertension and normal physiological variables in weight, body mass index, difficulty identifying feelings, difficulty describing feelings and externally-oriented thinking; however, this difference was not significant in the case of the variable height (p>0.05).  It was also found that there is a significant difference (p<0.05) between people with hypertension and healthy people in all psychological variables studied, namely alexithymia, depression, anxiety, mindfulness, and emotional intelligence.
Conclusion: In addition to biological factors, psychological and behavioral factors, which changes more easily, are associated with hypertension. It is suggested that these variables be taken into consideration in the treatment of patients with essential hypertension.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • alexithymia
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Anxiety
  • depression
  • Mindfulness
  • Essential Hypertension
  • Kermanshah
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