بررسی شیوع استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی در شاغلین پرستاری بخش‌های ویژه بیمارستان علی‌ابن ابیطالب (ع) رفسنجان در سال 1396

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه اتاق عمل، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی رفسنجان، رفسنجان، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد، بخش مراقبت‌های ویژه نوزادان، بیمارستان علی‌ابن ابیطالب (ع)، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی رفسنجان، رفسنجان، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سلامتی پرستاران، به دلیل ماهیت کاری همیشه در معرض خطر می­باشد. پرستارانی که از سلامت روانی و جسمی مناسب برخوردار نباشند قادر نخواهند بود مراقبت­های مطلوبی از بیماران به عمل آورند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی شیوع استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی در شاغلین پرستاری بخش­های ویژه بیمارستان علی­ابن ابیطالب(ع) شهر رفسنجان در سال 1396 طراحی شده است.
مواد و روش ­ها: این مطالعه توصیفی- مقطعی در سال 1396 به روش سرشماری بر روی کلیه پرستاران شاغل در بخش­های ویژه (NICU, ICU, CCU) بیمارستان علی­ابن­ابیطالب (ع) رفسنجان (87 نفر) انجام شد. اطلاعات با استفاده از پرسشنامه دموگرافیک (14 سؤال) و پرسشنامه استانداردDASS 21  (21 سؤال) جمع­آوری و با استفاده از آزمون­های توصیفی و­ مجذور کای تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ ها: با توجه به میانگین و انحراف معیار نمره افسردگی (60/9 ±80/10)، استرس (17/8 ± 14/12)، و اضطراب (02/8 ± 8/8)، شدت این اختلالات در پرستاران مورد بررسی به ترتیب خفیف، عادی و خفیف بود. نوع شدید این اختلالات به ترتیب در 8/13% (12 نفر)، 2/9% (8 نفر) و 4/18% (16 نفر) از پرستاران مشاهده شد. میزان افسردگی در پرستاران شاغل در ICU بیشتر از پرستاران بخش­های NICU و CCU بود و آزمون آماری این اختلاف را معنی­دار نشان داد (022/0=p).
نتیجه­ گیری: با توجه به یافته­های پژوهش حاضر، اهمیت حرفه پرستاری و تأثیر استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی پرستاران بر عملکرد شغلی و کیفیت خدمات­دهی به بیماران، لازم است توسط مدیران پرستاری در جهت افزایش سلامت روان این قشر از جامعه به خصوص پرستاران شاغل در ICU، برنامه­ریزی­های لازم صورت گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prevalence of Stress, Anxiety and Depression among Nursing Staff in Intensive Care Units of Ali Ebn-e Abitaleb Hospital in Rafsanjan in 2017

نویسندگان [English]

  • E Taleghani 1
  • M Noroozi 2
  • M Hadavi 2
1 MSc, Dept of Surgical Technology, Paramedical Faculty, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2 MSc, Ali Ebn-e Abitaleb Hospital, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

 Introduction: Due to the nature of the job, the health of nursing staff is always at risk. Nurses who do not have a good mental and physical health will not be able to take good care of patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of stress, anxiety and depression in the nursing staff in intensive care units of Ali Ebn-e Abitaleb Hospital in Rafsanjan in 2017.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 using a census method on all the nurses (87 nurse) working in the intensive care units (NICU, ICU, CCU) of Ali Ebn-e Abitaleb Hospital in Rafsanjan. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire (14 items) and the standard DASS-21 questionnaire (21 items) and analyzed using a chi-square test.
Results: Regarding the mean and standard deviation of depression scores (10.80 ± 9.60), stress (12.14 ± 8.17) and anxiety (8.90 ± 8.02), the severity of these disorders in nurses was mild, normal and mild, respectively. The severe type of these disorders was observed in 13.8% (12 people), 9.2% (8 people) and 18.4% (16 people) of the nurses, respectively. The rate of depression in ICU nurses was higher than depression in NICU and CCU nurses. A significant statistical difference was found (p = 0.022).
Conclusion: Regarding the findings of this study, given the importance of nursing profession and the effect of the prevalence of stress, anxiety and depression of nurses on job performance and quality of service to patients, it is necessary for the nursing managers to increase the mental health of this community, especially nurses working in the ICU.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • depression
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Intensive Care Unit Nurses
  • DASS-21 Test
  • Rafsanjan
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