نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری تخصصی، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.
2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.
3 دکتری تخصصی، گروه روانشناسی صنعتی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Psychological factors such as obsessive beliefs, depression and anxiety have a major impact not only on the mental and physical health of individuals but also on the treatment, recovery and relapse of the disease. The aim of this research was to compare obsessive beliefs, depression and anxiety among inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients and healthy people.
Materials and Methods: This research is a descriptive and causal-comparative study. Using purposeful sampling, 150 people, including 50 healthy subjects, 50 patients with inflammatory bowel disease and 50 patients with GERD were selected as the sample. Data were collected using the Obsessive Belief Questionnaire, the Depression Questionnaire and the Anxiety Inventory and was analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance.
Results: The results showed that there are significant differences (p<0/001) between IBD and GERD and healthy people in obsessive beliefs, depression and anxiety. The mean of obsessive beliefs in IBD patients (119/744±15/423) was higher than the other two groups (p<0/001). Also, depression (12/489±2/941) and Anxiety (16/881±5/735) in IBD patients were higher than the other two groups.
Conclusion: According to the results, there is a significant difference between the inflammatory bowel disease and healthy people in the components of obsessive beliefs, depression and anxiety. So, there may be psycho-neuro-immunologic relationship between obsessive beliefs with inflammatory bowel disease, mediated by depression and anxiety.