اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر سازگاری اجتماعی، بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و خودانتقادی افراد مبتلا به اضطراب مراجعه‌کننده به کلینیک‌های روان‌شناختی شهر اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

2 استادیار،گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

4 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: با توجه به شیوع بالای اضطراب و نیاز به بررسی اثربخشی مداخلات روان­شناختی در کمک به افراد مبتلا به اضطراب؛ پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر سازگاری اجتماعی، بهزیستی روان­شناختی و خودانتقادی در افراد مبتلا به اضطراب در شهر اهواز صورت گرفت.
مواد و روش ­ها: این مطالعه از نوع کارآزمایی آموزشی می­باشد که اعضای جامعه آن را افراد مبتلا به اضطراب مراجعه­کننده به کلینیک­های شهر اهواز تشکیل می­دادند که از میان آنها 40 نفر به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و به روش گمارش تصادفی ساده در گروه­­های آزمایش و گواه قرار گرفتند. طرح پژوهش از نوع تجربی پیش­آزمون- پس­آزمون با گروه گواه بود. جهت جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسش­نامه­های سازگاری اجتماعی، بهزیستی روان­شناختی و خودانتقادی استفاده شد. در گروه آزمایش، مداخله درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد در 8 هفته یک جلسه­ای و هر جلسه به مدت 120 دقیقه اجرا گردید. پس از پایان مداخله، از هر دو گروه پس­آزمون گرفته شد و پس از دو ماه، مرحله­ پیگیری انجام شد. داده‌ها با آزمون تحلیل واریانس دو طرفه تجزیه ­و تحلیل شدند.
یافته ­ها: نتایج نشان داد که مداخله انجام شده در گروه آزمایش، بر روی هر سه متغیر سازگاری اجتماعی (74/8 =F و 001/0>p)، بهزیستی روان‌شناختی (15/39=F و 001/0>p) و خودانتقادی مؤثر بوده است (34/92=F و 001/0>p).
نتیجه گیری: نتایج نشان­دهنده تأثیر درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر بهبود وضعیت روان­شناختی افراد مبتلا به اضطراب بود. لذا استفاده از این روش درمانی به درمانگران بالینی در درمان افراد مبتلا به اضطراب توصیه می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Acceptance- and Commitment-Based Therapy on Social Adjustment, Psychological Well-Being and Self-Criticism of People with Anxiety Referring to Psychological Clinics in the City of Ahvaz

نویسندگان [English]

  • N Asadzadeh 1
  • B Makvandi 2
  • P Askary 3
  • R Pasha 4
  • F Naderi 3
1 Ph.D. student, Dept of Psychology, Ahvaz branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, Ahvaz branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Associate Prof, Dept of Psychology, Ahvaz branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.
4 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, Ahvaz branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Considering the high prevalence of anxiety and the need to investigate the effectiveness of psychological interventions in helping people with anxiety, this study aimed to explore the effectiveness of acceptance- and commitment-based therapy on social adjustment, psychological well-being and self-criticism in people with anxiety in the city of Ahvaz.
Materials and Methods: This study was of an educational trial type in which the research population consisted of all the people with anxiety referring to clinics in the city of Ahvaz. From this population, 40 persons were selected using the convenience sampling method as the sample and were then assigned to each of the experimental and control groups using the simple random sampling method. The research design was experimental with a pretest-posttest and a control group. Data were collected using the social adjustment questionnaire, psychological well-being questionnaire and self-confidence questionnaire. In the experimental group, an intervention-based treatment, based on admission and commitment, was performed one session a week for eight weeks, each session lasting 120 minutes.  Both groups took a post-test at the end of the intervention and after a two-month follow up. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance analysis using version 18 of the SPSS software.
Results: The results showed that the intervention in the experimental group was based on all the three variables of social adjustment (F = 8.74, p= 0.000), psychological well-being (F = 39.31, p= 0.000) and self-criticism (F = 34/92 and p=000/0).
Conclusion: The results of data analysis indicate the effect of acceptance- and commitment-based therapy on improving the psychological status of people with anxiety. Therefore, the use of this therapeutic approach by clinical therapists is recommended in treating people with anxiety.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Acceptance- and Commitment-Based Therapy
  • Anxiety
  • social adjustment
  • Psychological Well-Being
  • Self-Conceiving
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