پیش‌بینی خطرپذیری سوءمصرف مواد بر مبنای پیش‌آیندهای انگیزشی در نوجوانان پسر شهر شیراز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روانشناسی، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران.

10.22123/chj.2019.142852.1167

چکیده

مقدمه: شناسایی پیش‌آیندهای انگیزشی رفتارهای پرخطر نقش مهمی در تدوین و ارائه مداخلات پیشگیرانه دارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف پیش‌بینی خطرپذیری سوءمصرف مواد بر مبنای پیش­آیندهای انگیزشی در نوجوانان پسر شهر شیراز انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر از نوع توصیفی مقطعی است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه دانش­آموزان متوسطه شهر شیراز در سال 1396 بودند که از بین آنها تعداد 450 نفر با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای پـژوهش عبارت بودند از مقیاس خطرپذیری نوجوانان ایرانی و مقیاس انگیزه‌های بروز رفتار پرخطر. داده­های به دست آمده، با استفاده از آزمون­های ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: تمامی پیش­آیندهای انگیزشی دارای رابطه معنی­داری با سوءمصرف مواد بودند که از این میان، رابطه حسابگری و سوءمصرف مواد منفی بود. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد به ترتیب انگیزه­های هیجان‌خواهی، بی‌مسئولیتی و حسابگری بیش­ترین تأثیر را در پیش­بینی مصرف مواد در نوجوانان دارند.
نتیجه­ گیری: با توجه به نقش عوامل انگیزشی در پیش­بینی خطرپذیری مصرف مواد در نوجوانان پیشنهاد می­شود که این عوامل در مداخلات پیشگیرانه با هدف افزایش ادراک خطر و ارائه جایگزین­های مناسب برای سوءمصرف مواد مد نظر قرار گیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Motivational Antecedents of Drug Abuse in Male Adolescents in the City of Shiraz

نویسندگان [English]

  • MR Hoseini 1
  • S Aminimanesh 2
1 MSc, Dept. of Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.
2 Assistant Prof, Dept. of Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: This study aims to predict drug abuse in male adolescents based on motivational antecedents.
Materials and Methods: In This cross-sectional study, 450 adolescents were recruited from high schools in Shiraz through a convenience sampling method, and two scales of Iranian adolescents’ risk taking and motives for risk taking were completed for them. Data were analyzed using a Pearson correlation coefficient multiple regression analysis.
Results: All the motives had a significant relationship with drug abuse. Moreover, the results of the multiple regression analysis showed that sensation seeking, irresponsibility, and calculation, had a significant role in predicting drug abuse in adolescents, respectively.
Conclusion: Therefore, prevention efforts aimed at reducing drug abuse should take these factors into account. In fact, the results suggested that earlier prevention efforts should be warranted.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Drug Abuse
  • Motivation
  • adolescents
  1. Harris KM, Duncan GJ, Boisjoly J. Evaluating the role of “nothing to lose” attitudes on risky behavior in adolescence. Social forces 2002;80(3):1005-39.
  2. Mohammadkhani S. (dissertation). Familial preventive and risk factors of substance use in adolescents. 1st conference of substance use prevention. Tehran: University of social welfare and rehabilitation; 2009: 65-6. [Persian]
  3. Madani S, Razaghi O. Study of changes in drug use pattern of addicts in Iran. Proceedings of 1th National Conference on Social disorganizations in Iran. 2002 Sep 22-24; Tehran, Iran. 2002: 73-107. [Persian]
  4. Kloep M, Güney N, Cok F, Simsek Ö. Motives for risk-taking in adolescence: A cross-cultural study. Journal of Adolescence 2009;32(1):135-51.
  5. Rai AA, Stanton B, Wu Y, Li X, Galbraith J, Cottrell L, et al. Relative influences of perceived parental monitoring and perceived peer involvement on adolescent risk behaviors: An analysis of six cross-sectional data sets. Journal of Adolescent Health 2003;33(2):108-18.
  6. Hollar D, Moore D. Relationship of substance use by students with disabilities to long-term educational, employment, and social outcomes. Substance Use & Misuse 2004;39(6):931-62.
  7. Control CfD, Prevention. Tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use among high school students in Bureau of Indian Affairs-funded schools--United States, 2001. MMWR: Morbidity and mortality weekly report. 2003;52(44):1070-2.
  8. Hajian K, Khirkhah F, Habibi M. Frequency of risky behaviours among students in Babol Universities (2009). JGUMS 2011;13(2):53-60.
  9. Barikani A. High risk behaviors in adolescent students in Tehran. IJPCP 2008;14(2):192-8. [persian]
  10. Poshtmashhadi M, Ahmadabadi Z, Panaghi L, Zadehmohammadi A, Rafiei H. The role of school in tendency to cigarette, alcohol and drug abuse in high school students in Tehran. Journal of research in behavioural sciences 2010; 8 (1): 46-56. [Persian]
  11. Mohammadkhani Sh.Prevalence of cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking and illegal drugs use among Iranian adolescents. JKUMS 2012;19(1):32-48. [Persian]
  12. Han Y, Grogan-Kaylor A, Bares C, Ma J, Castillo M, Delva J. Relationship between discordance in parental monitoring and behavioral problems among Chilean adolescents. Children and Youth Services Review 2012;34(4):783-9.
  13. Pfeifer JH, Masten CL, Moore III WE, Oswald TM, Mazziotta JC, Iacoboni M, et al. Entering adolescence: resistance to peer influence, risky behavior, and neural changes in emotion reactivity. Neuron 2011;69(5):1029-36.
  14. Engels RC, Ter Bogt T. Influences of risk behaviors on the quality of peer relations in adolescence. Journal of youth and adolescence 2001;30(6):675-95.
  15. Abbasi P, Timareh M, Ziapour A, Dehghan F, Yazdani V. The Effect of Life Skills Training on Reducing the High-Risk Behaviors among High School Students in Kermanshah, North West of Iran. International Journal of Pediatrics 2018;6(10):8433-43.
  16. Reyna VF, Farley F. Risk and rationality in adolescent decision making: Implications for theory, practice, and public policy. Psychological science in the public interest 2006;7(1):1-44.
  17. Frühauf A, Hardy WA, Pfoestl D, Hoellen F-G, Kopp M. A qualitative approach on motives and aspects of risks in freeriding. Frontiers in psychology 2017;8:1998.
  18. Guney N, Cok F. Adolescent risk-taking: Calculated risks, Turkish experience. Proceedings of 10th conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence; 2006 Feb 11-13; Antalya, Turkey. 2006: 27-33.
  19. Patrick ME, Schulenberg JE, O'Malley PM, Johnston LD, Bachman JG. Adolescents' reported reasons for alcohol and marijuana use as predictors of substance use and problems in adulthood. JSAD. 2011; 72(1), 106-16.
  20. Fox CL, Towe SL, Stephens RS, Walker DD, Roffman RA. Motives for cannabis use in high-risk adolescent users. Psychology of addictive behaviors 2011;25(3):492-500.
  21. Barlow M, Woodman T, Hardy L. Great expectations: Different high-risk activities satisfy different motives. Journal of personality and social psychology 2013;105(3):458-75.
  22. Zadeh Mohammadi A, Ahmadabadi Z, Heidari M. Construction and assessment of psychometric features of Iranian adolescents risk-taking scale. Iranian Journal of psychiatry and clinical psychology 2011;17(3):218-25. [Persian]
  23. Ersche KD, Turton AJ, Pradhan S, Bullmore ET, Robbins TW. Drug addiction endophenotypes: impulsive versus sensation-seeking personality traits. Biological psychiatry 2010;68(8):770-3.
  24. Dunlop SM, Romer D. Adolescent and young adult crash risk: Sensation seeking, substance use propensity and substance use behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health 2010;46(1):90-2.
  25. Salameh P, Salamé J, Waked M, Barbour B, Zeidan N, Baldi I. Risk perception, motives and behaviours in university students. International Journal of adolescence and youth 2014;19(3):279-92.
  26. Steinberg L. Risk taking in adolescence: what changes, and why? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2004;1021(1):51-8.
  27. Powell C. The perception of risk and risk taking behavior: Implications for incident prevention strategies. Wilderness & environmental medicine 2007;18(1):10-5.
  28. Ryb GE, Dischinger PC, Kufera JA, Read KM. Risk perception and impulsivity: association with risky behaviors and substance abuse disorders. Accident Analysis & Prevention 2006;38(3):567-73.
  29. Jonah BA, Thiessen R, Au-Yeung E. Sensation seeking, risky driving and behavioral adaptation. Accident Analysis & Prevention 2001;33(5):679-84.
  30. Hillege S, Das J, de Ruiter C. The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory: Psychometric properties and its relation to substance use and interpersonal style in a Dutch sample of non-referred adolescents. Journal of Adolescence 2010;33(1):83-91.
  31. Shomaker DJ. Theories of delinquency: an examination of delinquent behaviour. 6nded. New York: Oxford University press; 2018: 196-7.