اثربخشی طرحواره درمانی بر اختلال خوردن و نشخوار فکری دختران نوجوان چاق شهر اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی شخصیت، گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: چاقی یکی از مشکلات عمده جوامع در حال توسعه است که با اختلال خوردن و نشخوار فکری مرتبط می‌باشد. یکی از روش‌های کاهش مشکلات روانشناختی افراد چاق روش طرحواره درمانی است. این پژوهش با هدف تعیین اثربخشی طرحواره درمانی بر اختلال خوردن و نشخوار فکری دختران نوجوان چاق شهر اهواز انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: مطالعه حاضر نیمه‌تجربی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه پژوهش دختران نوجوان چاق دوره دوم متوسطه شهر اهواز در سال تحصیلی 98-1397 بودند. نمونه پژوهش 50 نفر بودند که با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه مساوی جایگزین شدند. گروه آزمایش 10 جلسه 70 دقیقه‌ای با روش طرحواره درمانی آموزش دید و گروه کنترل آموزشی دریافت نکرد. داده‌ها با پرسشنامه‌های اختلال خوردن و نشخوار فکری جمع‌آوری و با روش‌های آزمون‌های تی مستقل و زوجی و تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد قبل از مداخله، گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل از نظر اختلال خوردن و نشخوار فکری تفاوت معنی­داری نداشتند اما پس از مداخله، گروه‌ها از نظر هر دو متغیر تفاوت معنی­دار داشتند. به عبارت دیگر، طرحواره درمانی باعث کاهش معنی­دار اختلال خوردن (001/0p<، 246/73F=) و نشخوار فکری (001/0p<، 116/81F=) دختران نوجوان چاق شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس نتایج توصیه می‌گردد تا مشاوران و درمانگران از روش طرحواره درمانی در کنار سایر روش‌های درمانی برای کاهش اختلال خوردن و نشخوار فکری دختران نوجوان چاق استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Schema Therapy on Eating Disorder and Rumination of Obese Adolescent Girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • B Pourjaberi 1
  • Z DashtBozorgi 2
1 MA of Personality Psychology, Dept of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Obesity as one of the major problems in developing societies is associated with eating disorder and rumination. One way to reduce psychological problems among obese people is to use schema therapy. This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of schema therapy on eating and rumination disorders among obese adolescent girls in Ahvaz.
Materials and Methods: The present study employed a quasi-experimental method with a pre-test and post-test design with the control group. The research population included high school obese adolescent female students in Ahvaz in the qcdemic year 2018-2019. The research sample consisted of 50 students who were selected using availablilty sampling technique and were randomly placed into two equal groups. The members of the experimental group participated in 10 schema therapysessions, each lasting 70 minutes, while the control group didn’t receive any treatment. The data were collected by administering eating disorder and rumination disorder questionnaires and analyzed by the paired and independent samples t-tests and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA).
Results: The results showed that there was no significant difference between the participants in the experimental and control groups in terms of eating disorder and rumination in the pre-intervention phase. However, the two groups showed significant differences in terms of both variables upon the completion of the intervention. In other words, schema therapy led to a significant decrease in the eating disorder (F=73.246, p<0.001) and rumination (F=81.116, p<0.001) of obese adolescent girls.
Conclusion: Based on the results, counselors and therapists are recommended to use schema therapy along with other treatment techniques to reduce eating disorder and rumination of obese adolescent girls.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Schema therapy
  • Eating disorder
  • Rumination
  • Adolescent girls
  • Obesity
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