اثربخشی زوج‌درمانی هیجان‌مدار بر کاهش دل‌زدگی زناشویی زوجین و تصویر بدنی زنان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، سیستان و بلوچستان، ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، سیستان و بلوچستان، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: در سال­های اخیر، توجه به کیان خانواده و عوامل مؤثر بر آن مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. از این رو، پژوهش حاضر با هدف مطالعه­ اثربخشی زوج‌درمانی هیجان­مدار بر کاهش دل­زدگی زناشویی زوجین و تصویر بدنی زنان انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: روش پژوهش نیمه تجربی با طرح پیش‌آزمون_پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را کلیه زوجین مراجعه‌کننده به مرکز خدمات مشاوره­ای همدلان شهر زاهدان در سال 1396 تشکیل دادند. 20 زوج به شیوه­ نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و به‌ صورت تصادفی در گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند. ابزار اندازه‌گیری، پرسشنامه­های دل­زدگی زناشویی Pins (1996) و روابط چندبعدی بدن _خود Cash (1997) بود. گروه آزمایش در 15 جلسه زوج‌درمانی هیجان­مدار شرکت کردند و گروه کنترل هیچ مداخله­ای دریافت نکرد. پس از اجرای مداخله، داده­ها جمع‌آوری و با استفاده از روش تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیری تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته ها: نتایج تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیره نشان داد که زوج‌درمانی هیجان­مدار بر کاهش میزان دل­زدگی جسمی (82/16F=)، دل­زدگی روانی (81/11F=)، دل­زدگی عاطفی زوجین (74/61F=) و همچنین بر ارزشیابی قیافه (09/39F=)، جهت‌گیری قیافه (71/196F=) و رضایت بدنی زنان (05/4F=) مؤثر بوده است (05/0>p). اما نتایج حاکی از این بود که زوج‌درمانی هیجان­مدار بر ارزشیابی تناسب اندام (25/0F=)، جهت‌گیری تناسب اندام (02/1F=) و وزن بدنی زنان (84/0F=) مؤثر نبوده است.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج پژوهش حاضر و پیشینه پژوهشی، می­توان مداخله­ زوج‌درمانی هیجان­مدار را به عنوان مداخله­ای کارآمد در کاهش دل­زدگی زناشویی زوجین و بهبود تصویر بدنی زنان پیشنهاد نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy in Reducing Couples’ Marital Burnout and Women’s Body Image

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Raghibi 1
  • M Sanatnama 2
1 Associate Prof, Dept of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran.
2 MSc, Dept of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: In recent years, paying attention to the foundation of families and the factors affecting it has been taken into consideration. In this regard, this study was carried out with the aim of examining the effectiveness of emotionally focused couple therapy (EFT) in reducing couples’ marital burnout and women’s body image.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study has a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The current study had a statistical sample constituting of all couples referring to Hamdelan Consulting Center in Zahedan in 2017. Twenty couples were selected using a convenience sampling method. They were then randomly assigned to the experimental group or the control group. Measurement tools were Pines Couple Burnout Measure (1996) and Cash Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (1997). The experimental group received 15 sessions of the emotionally focused couple therapy; however, the control group did not receive such a training. After carrying out the intervention, the data were gathered and analyzed using a multivariate analysis of covariance.
Results: Results of the multivariate analysis of covariance showed that the emotionally focused couple therapy was effective in reducing physical burnout (F=16.82), mental burnout (F=11.81), couple’s emotional burnout (F=61.74) as well as appearance evaluation (F=39.09), appearance orientation (F=196.71), and women’s physical satisfaction (F=4.05) (p<0.05). However, results indicated that the emotionally focused couple therapy did not affect fitness evaluation (F=0.25), fitness orientation (F=1.02), and women’s body weight (F=0.84) (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Given the results of the current study and the research background, the emotionally focused couple therapy can be recommended as an efficient interventional method to reduce couples’ marital burnout and improve women’s body image.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy
  • Couples’ Marital Burnout
  • Women’s Body Image

 

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