تأثیر آموزش رفتار درمانی عقلانی هیجانی بر راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان مادران دارای کودک فلج مغزی شهر تبریز در سال 1393

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: مادران کودکان فلج مغزی در طی زندگی با کودک فلج مغزی از راهبردهای ناکارآمد تنظیم شناختی هیجان استفاده می‍کنند. در دهه‍های اخیر توجه گسترده‍ای به استفاده از مداخلات شناختی برای کاهش مشکلات روانشناختی مادران کودکان فلج مغزی معطوف شده است؛ لذا، پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین تأثیر آموزش رفتار درمانی عقلانی هیجانی بر راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان مادران دارای کودک فلج مغزی شهر تبریز در سال 1393 انجام شد.
مواد و روشها: این پژوهش نیمه ­آزمایشی بود. جامعه آماری آن مشتمل بر تمام مادران دارای کودک فلج مغزی زیر 12 سال شهر تبریز در سال 1393 بود که تعداد 30 نفر به وسیله روش نمونه‍گیری در دسترس انتخاب و  به طور تصادفی در گروه‍های آزمایش و کنترل (15 نفر برای هر گروه) جایگزین شدند. گروه‍ها پرسشنامه تنظیم شناختی هیجان گارنفسکی (2001) را طی پیش‌آزمون و پس‍آزمون تکمیل کردند. هشت جلسه 90 دقیقه‍ای رفتار درمانی عقلانی هیجانی گروهی در گروه‌ آزمایش اجراء شد و گروه کنترل مداخله‍ای دریافت نکرد. داده‌های گردآوری شده با استفاده از روش تحلیل کواریانس چندمتغیره و تک‍متغیره تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ ها: رفتار درمانی عقلانی هیجانی بر راهبردهای منفی و مثبت تنظیم شناختی هیجان در مادران دارای کودک فلج مغزی تأثیر داشت (001/0p= ).
نتیجه ­گیری: با توجه به اینکه رفتار درمانی عقلانی هیجانی بر راهبردهای انطباقی و غیرانطباقی تنظیم شناختی هیجان مادران دارای کودک فلج مغزی تأثیر دارد، آموزش این رویکرد به عنوان یک روش مداخله‍ای در افزایش به‍کارگیری راهبردهای کارآمد و کاهش راهبردهای ناکارآمد تنظیم شناختی هیجان توسط مادران دارای کودک فلج مغزی توصیه می‍شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Rational-Emotional Behavior Therapy Training on Cognitive-Emotional Regulation Strategies of Mothers with Cerebral Palsy Children in the City of Tabriz in 2014

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z Poursadeg 1
  • J Babapour 2
  • kh Esmaeilpour 2
1 PhD student, Dept of psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Associate Prof, Dept of Psychology, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Mothers with a cerebral palsy child use inefficient cognitive-emotional regulation strategies during the life they spend with a cerebral palsy child. In recent decades, widespread attention has been paid to the use of cognitive interventions to reduce the psychological problems of mothers with cerebral palsy children; therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of rational-emotional behavior therapy training on cognitive-emotional regulation strategies of mothers with a cerebral palsy child in the city of Tabriz in 2014.
Materials and Methods: This research was a quasi-experimental (pre-test - post-test with a control group) study. The statistical population included all mothers with a cerebral palsy child under the age of 12 years old in Tabriz in 2014, of whom 30 of were selected by available sampling method and randomly assigned to one of the experimental and control groups (15 individuals for each group). The groups completed Garnefski's Cognitive-Emotive Regulation Questionnaire (2001) for pre-test and post-test. Eight 90-minute sessions of rational-emotional behavioral therapy were performed on the experimental group, while the control group did not receive intervention. Data were analyzed using multivariate and univariate covariance analysis.
Results:The results showed that rational-emotional behavior therapy had a significant effect on positive and negative cognitive-emotional regulation strategies in mothers with a cerebral palsy child (p= 0.001).
Conclusion: Given that rational-emotional behavioral therapy affects the adaptive and non-adaptive cognitive-emotional regulation strategies of mothers with a cerebral palsy child, teaching this approach is recommended as an effective interventional method to increase the use of effective strategies and reduce the dysfunctional cognitive emotional regulation strategies by mothers with a cerebral palsy child.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rational-emotional behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive-emotional regulation
  • mother
  • Cerebral palsy
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