تأثیر رفتاردرمانی دیالکتیکی بر پردازش هیجانی و سرگردانی ذهنی در دانشآموزان دختر مقطع متوسطه دارای اضطراب امتحان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: پردازش هیجانی ضعیف و سرگردانی ذهنی دو عامل فراتشخیصی هستند که در سبب‌شناسی اضطراب امتحان دخالت دارند. رفتاردرمانی دیالکتیکی رویکرد جدیدی است که امکان استفاده از آن برای اضطراب امتحان در مدارس مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. لذا، این پژوهش با هدف تعیین تأثیر رفتاردرمانی دیالکتیکی بر پردازش هیجانی و سرگردانی ذهنی در دانش‍آموزان دختر مقطع متوسطه دارای اضطراب امتحان انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: جامعه آماری این پژوهش نیمه­تجربی، دانش‍آموزان دختر مقطع متوسطه شهر تبریز در سال تحصیلی 99-98 بودند. تعداد 30 دانش‌آموز که مطابق با نمره برش در پرسشنامه اضطراب امتحان Sarason تشخیص اضطراب امتحان را دریافت کرده بودند، با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای و هدفمند انتخاب شدند و به صورت تصادفی ساده در گروه‌های مداخله و کنترل (15 نفر در هر گروه) جایگزین شدند. هر دو گروه پرسشنامه‍های اضطراب امتحان Sarason (1975)، سرگردانی ذهنی Carriere و  Seli(2013) و مقیاس پردازش هیجانی Baker و همکاران (2010) را به عنوان پیش‍آزمون و پس‍آزمون تکمیل کردند.‌ هشت جلسه رفتاردرمانی دیالکتیکی گروهی (هفته‌ای دو جلسه به مدت 4 هفته) در گروه مداخله اعمال شد و گروه کنترل مداخله‌ای دریافت نکرد. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل کواریانس چندمتغیره و تک‍متغیره تحلیل شدند.
یافته ­ها: رفتاردرمانی دیالکتیکی بر سرگردانی ذهنی (005/0=p، 31/0F2=) و پردازش هیجانی (001/0=p، 29/0F2=) در دانش‍آموزان دختر مقطع متوسطه دارای اضطراب امتحان تأثیر معنی­داری داشت.  
نتیجه ­گیری: آموزش این رویکرد درمانی به عنوان یک روش مداخله‌ای مؤثر در کاهش سرگردانی ذهنی و پردازش هیجانی دانش‍آموزان در مقطع دبیرستان توصیه می‌شود.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy on Emotional Processing and Mind Wandering in Female High School Students with Test Anxiety

نویسندگان [English]

  • L Noei iran 1
  • A Rezaei 2
  • AN Aghdasi 3
1 PhD student, Dept of psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Associate prof, Dept of Psychology, Payamnoor University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Poor emotional processing and mind wanderings are two factors that are involved in the etiology of test anxiety. Dialectical behavioral therapy is a new approach that can be used to treat test anxiety in schools. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dialectical behavioral therapy on emotional processing and mind wanderings among female high school students with test anxiety.
Materials and Methods: The population in this quasi-experimental study included all female high school students in Tabriz during the academic year 2019-2020. A total number of 45 students who received the test anxiety diagnosis in accordance with the cutoff score in the Sarason Test Anxiety Questionnaire were selected by multi-stage cluster and purposeful sampling and they were randomly assigned to two experimental and one control groups (15 students per group). The participants in the three groups completed the Test Anxiety Questionnaire (Sarahson, 1975), Cognitive Wandering Inventory (Carriere & Seli, 2013), and the Emotional Processing Scale (Baker et al., 2010) as the pre-test and post-test. Eight sessions of group dialectic therapy (for 4 weeks) were held for the participants in the experimental group, while the control group did not receive any intervention. The collected data were analyzed using multivariate and univariable covariance analysis.
Results: Dialectical behavioral therapy was found to have a significant effect on emotional processing (F2=0.31; p=0.005) and mind wandering (F2=0.29; p=0.001) in the students with test anxiety.
Conclusion: The training of this therapeutic approach is recommended as an effective interventional method to treat mind wanderings and improve emotional processing of high school students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dialectical behavior therapy
  • Mind wandering
  • emotional processing
  • test anxiety
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