مقایسه تأثیر آموزش مثبت‌گرایی با رویکرد اسلامی با درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر سرمایه روان‌شناختی بیماران قلبی-عروقی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بابل، بابل، ایران.

2 دکتری تخصصی، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گرگان، گرگان، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه قلب و عروق، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بابل، بابل، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: بیماری قلبی- عروقی، مزمن و پرهزینه است. روانشناسی مثبت­گرا با رویکرد اسلامی و درمان مبتنی بر تعهد و پذیرش می­تواند در بهبود وضعیت روانشناختی بیماران قلبی عروقی مؤثر باشد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه اثربخشی روانشناسی مثبت­گرا با رویکرد اسلامی و درمان مبتنی بر تعهد و پذیرش بر سرمایه روانشناختی بیماران قلبی عروقی انجام شد.
مواد و روش ­ها: اﻳﻦ ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ نیمه آزمایشی، بر روی بیماران قلبی- عروقی مراجعه­کننده به مراکز درمانی شهرستان بابل در سال 1396 انجام شد. با روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس، 36 نفر انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در گروه­های آموزش روانشناسی مثبت­گرا با رویکرد اسلامی، درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد، و کنترل گمارده شدند. آموزش­ روانشناسی مثبت­گرا با رویکرد اسلامی و درمان مبتنی بر تعهد و پذیرش، طی  8 جلسه انجام شد. جمع­آوری داده­ها با پرسش­نامه سرمایه روان‌شناختی (لوتانز) در مراحل قبل، بعد و دو ماه پس از جلسات، و تحلیل داده­ها توسط آزمون­های میانگین، انحراف معیار و تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری انجام شد.
یافته­ ها: در ترکیب خطی متغیرهای سرمایه روان‌شناختی برحسب عضویت گروهی مراحل پیش­آزمون، پس­آزمون و پیگیری، و اثر تعاملی گروه و زمان تفاوت معنی­داری وجود داشت (001/0p<). تفاوت میانگین نمره گروه روانشناسی مثبت­گرا با رویکرد اسلامی و درمان مبتنی بر تعهد و پذیرش با گروه کنترل در مؤلفه­های سرمایه روان‌شناختی معنی­دار (05/0>p) بود ولی تفاوت میانگین دو روش درمانی در این مؤلفه­ها معنی­دار نبود.
نتیجه­ گیری: آموزش روانشناسی مثبت­گرا با رویکرد اسلامی و درمان مبتنی بر تعهد و پذیرش در بهبود سرمایه­های روان‌شناختی بیماران قلبی عروقی مؤثر است و تفاوتی بین آن‌ها وجود ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing the Effectiveness of Positive Psychology with an Islamic Approach and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on the Psychological Capital of Cardiovascular Patients

نویسندگان [English]

  • MH Yadollahpour 1
  • M Fazeli kebria 2
  • K Amin 3
1 Associate prof, Dept of Cardiology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
2 PhD, Dept of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Gorgan, Gorgan, Iran.
3 Associate prof, Dept of Cardiology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is a chronic disease that is extremely costly to the affected individual and society. Positive psychology with an Islamic approach and and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) can be effective in improving the psychological conditions of cardiovascular patients. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of positive psychology with an Islamic approach and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on psychological capital of cardiovascular patients.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on cardiovascular patients referring to Babol medical centers in 2017. Using convenience sampling, 36 patients were selected and randomly placed into three groups (positivist psychology with Islamic approach, ACT, and one control group). The participants in the first group (Positive psychology with an Islamic approach) attended 8 training sessions each lasting 90 minutes, and the members of the ACT group participated in 8 training sessions each lasting 100 minutes. The data were collected by the Psychological Capital Questionnaire (Lutans, 2007) that was administered to the participants before, after, and two months after the treatment sessions. The collected data were analyzed using statistical techniques including mean, standard deviation, and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).
Results: There was a significant difference in the linear composition of the psychological capital variables in terms of group membership, the three stages of pre-test, post-test and follow-up, and the interactive effect of the group and time (p=0.001). Besides, the two treatment groups (positivist psychology with an Islamic approach and ACT) showed significant differences with the control group in terms of the components of psychological capital (p<0.05). However, there was no difference between the effectiveness of the two treatment techniques.
Conclusion: Positive psychology training with an Islamic approach and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) are effective in improving psychological capital of cardiovascular patients and there is no significant difference between them.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychological capital
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Positive psychology
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