تأثیر آموزش مهارت‌های زندگی بر راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان مادران باردار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

10.22123/chj.2019.194233.1325

چکیده

مقدمه: شواهد نشان داده‌اند که زنان باردار از مهارت کافی برای استفاده از راهبردهای کارآمد تنظیم شناختی هیجان برخوردار نیستند. آموزش مهارت‌های زندگی یکی از مداخلات مؤثر در تخفیف مشکلات روان‌شناختی دوران بارداری است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین تأثیر آموزش مهارت‌های زندگی بر راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان مادران باردار انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این پژوهش نیمه تجربی، جامعه آماری دربرگیرنده کلیه زنان باردار شهر تبریز در سال 1396 بود. تعداد 30 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و  به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایشی و گواه (15 نفر برای هر گروه) جایگزین شدند. گروه‌ها پرسشنامه تنظیم شناختی هیجان گارنفسکی (2001) را به عنوان پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون تکمیل کردند. 8 جلسه یک‌ساعته به مدت هشت هفته آموزش مهارت‌های زندگی به صورت گروهی در گروه‌ آزمایش اجرا شد و گروه کنترل مداخله‌ای دریافت نکرد. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل کواریانس چندمتغیره و تک‍متغیره تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ ها: آموزش مهارت‌های زندگی به‌کارگیری راهبردهای مثبت تنظیم شناختی هیجان (تمرکز مجدد مثبت، تمرکز مجدد بر برنامه‌ریزی، ارزیابی مجدد مثبت، پذیرش و دیدگاه‍گیری) را در زنان باردار افزایش داد و موجب کاهش استفاده از راهبردهای منفی (فاجعه انگاری، خود سرزنشگری، نشخوار فکر و سرزنش دیگری) گردید (001/0p<).  
نتیجه گیری: با توجه به اینکه آموزش مهارت‌های زندگی بر تنظیم شناختی هیجان زنان باردار تأثیر دارد؛ آموزش این مهارت‌ها به عنوان یک روش مؤثر در ارتقای راهبردهای مثبت و کاهش راهبردهای منفی تنظیم شناختی هیجان به ویژه در دوران بارداری توصیه می‍شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Life Skills Training on Cognitive Emotional Regulation Strategies of Pregnant mothers

نویسندگان [English]

  • z Poursadeg 1
  • M Azemuodeh 2
1 PhD student, Dept of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Evidence shows that pregnant women do not have the skills required to use effective cognitive emotional regulation strategies. Life skills training is one of the effective interventions to alleviate psychological problems during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the possible effects of life skills training on cognitive emotional regulation strategies in pregnant women.
 Materials and Methods: This study employed a quasi-experimental design. The research population included all pregnant women living in Tabriz in 2017, of whom 30 women were selected through the availability sampling and randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups (15 participants per group). The participants in both groups completed Garnefski's (2001) Cognitive Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (2001) as the pretest and also as the post-test immediately after the completion of the treatment. The members of the experimental group participated in the life skills training sessions (each session lasting one hour) for eight weeks, while the participants in the control group did not receive any intervention. The pretest and posttest data were analyzed using multivariate and univariable covariance analysis by SPSS.18 software.
Results: Life skills training increases the use of positive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (positive re-focus, re-focus on planning, positive reappraisal, acceptance and adopting views) in pregnant women and reduces the use of negative strategies (catastrophizing, self-blame, rumination, and others’ blame) (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Given that life skills training has an impact on the cognitive emotional regulation of pregnant women, holding training programs on these skills is recommended as an effective training method for promoting positive cognitive emotional regulation strategies and reducing negative strategies, especially during pregnancy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • life skills
  • cognition
  • emotional regulation
  • Women
  • Pregnancy
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