The Efficacy of Dialectical Behavior Therapy in Reducing Attentional Bias and Rumination in Patients with OCD- Isfahan

Document Type : Original Article


1 MSc student, Dept of clinical Psychology, Najaf Abad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Associate Prof, Dept of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran.


Introduction: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has profound effects on patients in terms of communicative, social, and psychological aspects. The present study was aimed to investigate the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy in reducing the attentional bias and rumination in patients with OCD.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, from all OCD patients referred to the relevant clinics in Isfahan City, a sample size of 30 patients were selected through a targeted and available  sampling method with a pretest-posttest design and also a control group. .. The patients group received a weekly session of 90 minutes of dialectical behavior therapy for 10 weeks while the control group was treated with a usual method. The data gathering tools were MOCI, RRS, and Stroop tests and the collected data were then analyzed through ANOVA with repeated measures.
Results: Results showed that dialectical behavior therapy had a significant effect on reduction of attentional bias and rumination of OCD patients at a level of 0.05 error. 
Conclusion: Dialectical behavior therapy based on the emotional regulation and distress tolerance techniques can be used as a selective and effective psychotherapy method in reducing of rumination and attentional bias in patients with OCD.


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