نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، تهران، ایران.
2 دانشیار، گروه غدد و متابولیسم، معاونت سلامت، وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی، تهران، ایران.
3 استاد، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.
4 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Migraine is one of the most important headaches related to health, affecting the quality of life. Therefore, it is essential to study this phenomenon and its treatment methods. Thus, this study aims to compare the effectiveness of mindfulness training and transcranial direct current stimulation on the quality of life of women with migraine headaches.
Materials and Methods: The present study was quasi-experimental with a pre-test-post-test design with a control group. The statistical population consisted of all women referring to specialized neurology clinics in the west of Tehran in 2020. Among this population, 45 people with migraine were selected as study groups by purposive sampling method. All of them completed the quality of life questionnaire before the interventions. The experimental groups then received mindfulness and TDCS interventions, and the control group did not receive any intervention. Finally, all three groups received post-test. After data collection, data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance.
Results: The results showed a significant difference in the quality of life and all its components between the three groups of mindfulness therapy, TDCS, and the control group. This rate was significant for the component of mental health at the level of p < 0.05 and other components and the total quality of life score at the level of p < 0.01. A significant difference (p < 0.01) was observed between the mindfulness group and the control group and between the TDCS group and the control group; however, there was no significant difference between the TDCS group and the mindfulness group in the quality of life variable.
Conclusion: The mindfulness and TDCS therapies are effective in treating migraine headaches, and the knowledge of health professionals about these therapies can be helpful.