اثربخشی ذهن‌آگاهی در بهبود اختلال بی‌خوابی مزمن و الگوی امواج مغزی بیماران مرد مبتلا به دردهای مزمن مفصلی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه علوم شناختی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

10.22123/chj.2020.224925.1477

چکیده

مقدمه: بیماران مبتلا به دردهای مزمن مفصلی پریشانی و بی‌خوابی را به طور مکرر تجربه می‌کنند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین اثربخشی ذهن­آگاهی در بهبود اختلال بی‌خوابی مزمن و الگوی امواج مغزی بیماران مرد مبتلا به دردهای مزمن شهر تبریز انجام شد.
مواد و روش ­ها: این پژوهش از نوع نیمه­آزمایشی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش، کلیه بیماران مرد مبتلا به اختلال بی‌خوابی مزمن با دردهای مزمن شهر تبریز در سال 1398 بودند. جهت جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه‌های بی‌خوابی مزمن، درد مزمن، دستگاه الکتروآنسفالوگرافی کمی و پروتکل آموزشی ذهن­آگاهی استفاده شد. نمونه مورد نظر 30 نفر بود که به دو گروه 15 نفره به صورت تصادفی تقسیم شدند. داده­های به کمک روش‌های آماری توصیفی (میانگین و انحراف معیار) و تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیره تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که ذهن­آگاهی باعث بهبود بی‌خوابی مزمن و درد مزمن، و همچنین باعث تغییر الگوی امواج مغزی در فرکانس‌های دلتا و بتا در بیماران مرد مبتلا به دردهای مزمن می‌شود، به نحوی که دلتا را کاهش و بتا را افزایش می دهد (001/0p<).
نتیجه‌گیری: آموزش ذهن­آگاهی می­تواند ختلال بی‌خوابی مزمن را کاهش دهد و امواج مغزی در بیماران مبتلا به دردهای مزمن را در وضعیت بهینه قرار دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Mindfulness on the Improvement of Chronic Insomnia Disorder and Brain Wave Patterns of Male Patients with Chronic Pain

نویسندگان [English]

  • R Jafari 1
  • M Bayrami 2
1 MSc, Dept of Cognitive Science, Azerbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Prof, Dept of Psychology, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Patients with chronic joint pain experience frequent anxiety and insomnia. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness in improving chronic insomnia disorder and brain wave patterns of male patients with chronic pain in Tabriz.
Materials and Methods: This study was a semi-experimental project. The statistical population of the study was all male patients with chronic insomnia and pain in Tabriz in 2019. The sample of people eligible according to the diagnosis of a psychiatrist was selected from the psychiatric clinics of Tabriz. This sample consisted of 30 individuals who were randomly divided into two groups of 15 patients each. Fifteen people received mindfulness-based therapy in 8 sessions (1 weekly 90-minute session for 8 weeks), and no intervention was performed for 15 control group members. The collected information was analyzed using descriptive statistical methods of mean and standard deviation and inferential statistical methods of multivariate covariance analysis.
Results: According to the results, mindfulness improved chronic insomnia and pain, besides changing the brain wave patterns in delta and beta frequencies in these patients (p<0/001).
Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that mindfulness training reduces chronic insomnia and improves brain waves in patients with chronic pain.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • vulnerability
  • insomnia
  • Pain
  • Brain Wave
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