اثربخشی مداخله مبتنی بر روانشناسی مثبت‌گرا بر رشد پس از سانحه، شفقت به خود و امید در زنان مبتلا به سرطان پستان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی سلامت، واحد بین الملل کیش، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، جزیره کیش، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: بیماری سرطان از شایع‌ترین بیماری­های مزمن و علت مرگ و میر در جهان است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی مداخله مبتنی بر روانشناسی مثبت­گرا بر رشد پس از سانحه، شفقت خود و امید در زنان مبتلا به سرطان پستان انجام شد.
مواد و روش­ها: روش مطالعه حاضر نیمه­آزمایشی با طرح پیش­آزمون، پس­آزمون و پیگیری و گروه کنترل ﺑﻮد. جامعه آماری شامل زنان مبتلا به سرطان پستان مراجعه­کننده به مرکز طب تسکینی بیمارستان فیروزگر و مرکز پیشگیری و کنترل سرطان آلاء (مکسا) شهر تهران بود که از این میان با روش نمونه­گیری هدفمند تعداد 30 بیمار انتخاب و در گروه­های آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. اعضای گروه آزمایش مورد مداخله مبتنی بر روانشناسی مثبت‌گرا قرار گرفتند. از پرسشنامه رشد پس از سانحه (1996)، مقیاس شفقت به خود (2003) و مقیاس امید اشنایدر (1996) برای جمع­آوری داده­ها استفاده شد. تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل واریانس آمیخته انجام شد.
یافته­ها: نتایج نشان داد که مداخله مبتنی بر روانشناسی مثبت­گرا روشی مؤثر در بهبود رشد پس از سانحه، شفقت به خود  و امید در بیماران سرطانی است (005/0>p).
نتیجه­گیری: طبق نتایج حاصل از این مطالعه، در سطح درمان این سرطان، هم‌زمان با درمان­های معمول طبی، از مداخله مبتنی بر روانشناسی مثبت­گرا به منظور بهبود رشد پس از سانحه، شفقت به خود و امید بیماران و در نتیجه کسب نتایج بهتر درمانی می­توان سود جست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Positive Psychological Intervention on Posttraumatic Growth, Self-Compassion, and Hope in Women with Breast Cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Salabifard 1
  • B Tajeri 2
  • A Rafiepoor 3
1 PhD Student, Dept of Health Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran.
2 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.
3 Assistant Prof, Dept of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Cancer is one of the most common chronic diseases and death causes in the world. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of positive psychology intervention on posttraumatic growth, self-compassion, and hopein women with breast cancer.
Materials and Methods: This research was a semi-free study with a control group. The statistical population included women with breast cancer referred to Firoozgar Hospital and Tehran Cancer Prevention and Control Center (Macsa), of whom 30 patients were selected and assigned to each of the experimental and control groups. Members of the experimental group were trained in positive psychology. The Posttraumatic Growth Questionnaire, Self-Compassion Scale, and Snyder's HopeScale were used to collect data. Data analysis was performed using a mixed ANOVA test.
Results: The results of mixed variance analysis showed positivist psychology education to be an effective technique to improve posttraumatic growth disorder, self-compassion, and hope in cancer patients (p<0.005).
Conclusions: According to this research results, in treating this cancer, along with the usual medical treatments, a positive psychological intervention can be used to improve posttraumatic growth, self-compassion, and hope of patients, thus achieving better treatment results.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Positive psychology
  • Posttraumatic growth
  • self-compassion
  • hope
  • cancer
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