تأثیرمراقبه شکرگزاری بر استرس ادراک شده ناشی از علائم وازوموتور زنان یائسه شهر تنکابن سال1397

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه پرستاری، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تنکابن، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران. ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی (ره)، قزوین، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: علائم وازوموتور یائسگی از مسائل عمده کاهش کیفیت زندگی زنان است. هدف مطالعه حاضر تعیین تأثیر مراقبه شکرگزاری بر استرس ادراک شده ناشی از علائم وازوموتو در زنان یائسه بود.
 مواد و روش­ ها: مطالعه حاضر، نیمه تجربی و طرح آن پیش­آزمون-پس­آزمون با دوره پیگیری (یک ماه بعد) بود. جامعه آماری، زنان 55-45 سال شهر تنکابن بودند که یائسگی طبیعی و علائم وازوموتور (گرگرفتگی و عرق شبانه) داشته و در سال 1397 در مراکز بهداشتی-درمانی دارای پرونده بودند. مشارکت­کنندگان به روش در دسترس از زنان حائز شرایط و پس از اخذ رضایت آگاهانه، انتخاب و به روش تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفری آزمایش و کنترل تقسیم شدند. گروه آزمایش در برنامه 8 هفته آموزش مراقبه شکرگزاری بر اساس دستورالعمل مراقبه گرینبرگ (2010) و برنامه شکرگزاری اسلامی" اصفهانیان و همکاران"(2016) وارد شد و گروه کنترل مداخله­ای دریافت نکرد. ابزار مورد استفاده، پرسشنامه استرس ادراک شده کوهن (1983) بود. داده­ها به روش تحلیل واریانس با اندازه­گیری مکرر تحلیل شدند.
 یافته­ ها: بین دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل از نظر میانگین استرس ادراک شده تفاوت معنی­داری دیده شد (05/0p <) که این اختلاف تا مرحله پیگیری پایدار بود (گروه مراقبه شکرگزاری46/3±47/21و گروه کنترل 46/7±47/34).
 نتیجه ­گیری: مراقبه شکرگزاری روشی متناسب با فرهنگ زنان ایرانی بوده و در کاهش استرس ادراک شده آنان در زمان یائسگی قابل استفاده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Gratitude Meditation on Perceived Stress Caused by Vasomotor Symptoms in Menopausal Women in Tonekabon 2019

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Arab 1
  • A Borjali 2
  • AR Kakavand 3
1 Assistant Prof, Dept of Nursing, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran.
2 Associate Prof, Dept of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Associate Prof, Dept of Psychology, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Menopausal vasomotor symptoms are one of the major issues reducing women's quality of life. Thus, this study aims to determine the effectiveness of gratitude meditation on perceived stress caused by vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women.
Materials and Methods: The present study was quasi-experimental, and its design was pretest-posttest with follow-up (one month later). The statistical population was women aged 55-45 in Tonekabon with normal menopause and vasomotor symptoms (hot flashes and night sweats) and records in health centers in 2019. Participants were selected by eligible methods after obtaining informed consent; then, they were randomly divided into two groups of 15 experimental and control. The experimental group was trained in the 8-week gratitude meditation program based on the "Greenberg" Meditation Instruction (2010) and the Islamic Gratitude Meditation program of "Esfahanians" et al. (2016), while the control group did not receive any intervention. The instrument used was Cohen Perceived Stress Questionnaire (1983). Data were entered into Spss16 software and analyzed by repeated-measures analysis of variance.
Results: There was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in terms of mean perceived stress, which was stable until the follow-up stage.
Conclusion: Gratitude meditation is a method appropriate to Iranian women and can be used to reduce their perceived stress during menopause.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Perceived stress
  • menopause
  • Gratitude meditation
  • Vasomotor symptoms
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