اثربخشی بهزیستی درمانی بر قند خون ناشتا، افسردگی، شادکامی و خوش‌بینی در بیماران دیابتی نجات‌یافته از ویروس کرونا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، موسسه آموزش عالی تابران، مشهد، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر، کرمان، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران. (نویسنده مسئول)

4 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

10.22123/chj.2021.272539.1675

چکیده

مقدمه: بیماران دیابتی نجات‌یافته از کرونا با مشکلات زیادی در زمینه سلامت مواجه هستند و یکی از روش‌های درمانی برگرفته از روان‌شناسی مثبت نگر در کاهش مشکلات مرتبط با سلامت، روش بهزیستی درمانی است. هدف این پژوهش تعیین اثربخشی بهزیستی درمانی بر قند خون ناشتا، افسردگی، شادکامی و خوش‌بینی در بیماران دیابتی نجات‌یافته از ویروس کرونا بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: مطالعه حاضر نیمه­آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه پژوهش بیماران دیابتی نجات‌یافته از ویروس کرونا عضو انجمن دیابت شهر مشهد در سال 1399 بودند. تعداد 40 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب و به روش تصادفی در دو گروه مساوی جایگزین شدند. گروه آزمایش 10 جلسه 90 دقیقه‌ای (هفته‌ای دو جلسه) با روش بهزیستی درمانی آموزش دیدند و گروه کنترل در لیست انتظار برای آموزش قرار گرفتند. ابزارهای پژوهش، تست قند خون و پرسش‌نامه‌های افسردگی، شادکامی و خوش‌بینی بودند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون‌های مجذور کای، تی مستقل و تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: گروه‌ها در مرحله پیش‌آزمون از نظر قند خون ناشتا، افسردگی، شادکامی و خوش‌بینی تفاوت معنی‌داری نداشتند اما در مرحله پس‌آزمون از نظر هر چهار متغیر تفاوت معنی‌دار بود (001/0>p). به عبارت دیگر، بهزیستی درمانی باعث کاهش قند خون ناشتا و افسردگی و افزایش شادکامی و خوش‌بینی در بیماران دیابتی نجات‌یافته از ویروس کرونا شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس نتایج این پژوهش، درمانگران و متخصصان سلامت می‌توانند از روش بهزیستی درمانی در کنار سایر روش‌های درمانی برای مداخله‌های مرتبط با سلامت استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Well-being Therapy on Fasting Blood Sugar, Depression, Happiness, and Optimism in Diabetic Patients Rescued from Coronavirus

نویسندگان [English]

  • A Fooladi 1
  • M Hemati 2
  • M Molaei 3
  • M Ghorbani 4
1 Assistant Prof, Dept. of Psychology, Tabaran Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, Iran.
2 MSc, Dept. of Educational Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran.
3 MSc, Dept. of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran. (Corresponding Author)
4 PhD Student, Dept. of Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Diabetic patients rescued from Coronavirus face many health-related problems. One of the therapeutic methods derived from positive psychology to reduce health-related problems is the well-being therapy method. As a result, this research aimed to determine the effectiveness of well-being therapy on fasting blood sugar, depression, happiness, and optimism in diabetic patients rescued from Coronavirus.
Materials and Methods: This study was semi-experimental with a pretest and posttest design with a control group. The research population includes diabetic patients rescued from the Coronavirus who were members of Mashhad diabetes association in 2020. Forty people were selected by purposive sampling technique and randomly divided into two equal groups. The experimental group was trained 10 sessions of 90 minutes with the well-being therapy method (two sessions per week) and the control group was placed on the waiting list for training. The research tools were the blood sugar test and questionnaires of depression, happiness, and optimism. Data were analyzed using tests of chi-square, independent t, and multivariate analysis of covariance.
Results: The results showed that the groups in the pretest stage were not significantly different in terms of fasting blood sugar, depression, happiness, and optimism (p<0.05), but in the posttest stage there was a significant difference in terms of all four variables (p<0.001). In other words, the well-being therapy led to a decrease in fasting blood sugar and depression and an increase in happiness and optimism in diabetic patients rescued from Coronavirus.
Conclusion: Based on the results of this research, health experts and therapists can use the well-being therapy method along with other treatment methods for health-related interventions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Well-being Therapy
  • Fasting blood sugar
  • depression
  • Happiness
  • optimism
  • Diabetic Patients
  • COVID-19
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