اثربخشی آموزش تنظیم شناختی هیجان بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و تنظیم شناختی هیجان مردان معتاد شهر اصفهان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

3 مدرس، گروه روان‌شناسی، موسسه آموزش عالی نبی اکرم (ص)، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: در درمان موفقیت‌آمیز افراد معتاد، باید علاوه بر دارودرمانی، به مداخلات روان‌شناختی نیز توجه جدی داشت. هدف پژوهش حاضر، تعیین اثربخشی آموزش تنظیم شناختی هیجان بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و تنظیم شناختی هیجان مردان معتاد شهر اصفهان بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: روش پژوهش، نیمه تجربی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را تمامی مردان وابسته به مواد مخدر شهر اصفهان که در شش ماه نخست سال 1399 برای درمان نگهدارنده با متادون به کلینیک‌های درمان اعتیاد این شهر مراجعه کرده بودند، تشکیل دادند. پس از رعایت ملاک‌های ورود و خروج به پژوهش، 60 نفر با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شده و به ‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه مساوی قرار گرفتند. گروه آزمایش، آموزش مختص گروه خود را در 8 جلسه 5/1 ساعته دریافت نمودند؛ ولی گروه کنترل آموزش‌های روتین خود را دریافت کردند. جهت بررسی فرضیه از تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیره استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: میانگین و انحراف معیار نمره متغیرهای بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و تنظیم شناختی هیجان گروه آزمایش در پیش‌آزمون به ترتیب 59/7±77/49 و 09/6±67/78؛ و در گروه کنترل به ترتیب 21/7±43/49 و 00/6±07/79 بود. در پس‌آزمون، نمره بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و تنظیم شناختی هیجان گروه آزمایش در مقایسه با گروه کنترل افزایش معنی­داری داشت (001/0>p).
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان داد آموزش تنظیم شناختی هیجان بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و تنظیم شناختی هیجان مردان معتاد اثربخش است، از این‌رو، جهت افزایش بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و تنظیم شناختی هیجان مردان معتاد قابل استفاده است.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Training on Psychological Well-being & Cognitive Emotion Regulation of Addicted Men in Isfahan City

نویسندگان [English]

  • H Aboutalebi 1
  • N Yazdchi 2
  • H Smkhani Akbarinejhad 3
1 MSc, Dept of Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Central Branch, Tehran, Iran.
2 MSc, Dept of Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Central Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 Lecturer, Dept of Psychology, Nabi Akram University, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: In the successful treatment of addicted people, in addition to drug therapy, serious attention should be paid to psychological interventions. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of cognitive emotion regulation training (CERT) on psychological well-being and cognitive emotion regulation of addicted men in Isfahan city.
Materials and Methods: This study was semi-experimental with a pre-test and post-test control group design. The population of this study consisted of all men addicted to narcotics in Isfahan referred to addiction treatment clinics in the first six months of 2019-2020 for methadone maintenance treatment. In total, 60 men were selected by the available sampling method and were randomly divided into two groups. Members of the experimental group received their group-specific training in 8 sessions of 1.5 hours; however, the control group received their routine training.
Results: Mean and standard deviation of psychological well-being and cognitive emotion regulation of the experimental group in the pre-test were 49.77±7.59 and 78.67±6.09, respectively. Also, the mean and standard deviation of psychological well-being and cognitive emotion regulation of the control group were 49.43±7.21 and 79.07±6.00 respectively. According to the results, in the post-test, the psychological well-being score was 84.23±7.61, and the cognitive emotion regulation of the experiment was 86.07±6.10 compared to the control group (49.27±6.90 (F=357.263) and 78.87±6.11 (F=387.054), respectively) (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The results showed that CERT is effective in the psychological well-being and cognitive emotion regulation of addicted people. Therefore, it can be used to increase their psychological well-being and cognitive emotion regulation.



 



 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Well-Being
  • Cognitive emotion regulation
  • Addiction
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