اثربخشی آموزش فرزندپروری مبتنی بر ذهن‌آگاهی بر اضطراب و نگرانی مادران دارای کودک مبتلا به اختلال بیش‌فعالی-کمبود توجه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 - استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: مادران دارای کودک مبتلا به اختلال بیش­فعالی-کمبود توجه، مشکلات مربوط به سلامت روان از جمله اضطراب و نگرانی بیشتری را تجربه می­کنند. در این راستا هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر آموزش فرزندپروری مبتنی بر ذهن­آگاهی بر اضطراب و نگرانی مادران دارای کودک مبتلا به اختلال بیش­فعالی-کمبود توجه بود.
مواد و روش ­ها: طرح پژوهش به صورت نیمه­تجربی و از نوع پیش­آزمون – پس­آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. بدین منظور 30 نفر از مادران دانش­آموزان دختر مقطع ابتدایی مبتلا به اختلال بیش­فعالی-کمبود توجه بعد از نمونه­گیری هدفمند به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه مداخله و کنترل تقسیم شدند. از فرم والد پرسشنامه Conners به همراه مصاحبه بالینی به عنوان ابزار غربالگری و از پرسشنامه اضطراب بک و نگرانی پنسیلوانیا، برای گردآوری داده­ها در دو مرحله پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون استفاده شد. برنامه آموزش فرزندپروری مبتنی بر ذهن­آگاهی، به مدت 8 جلسه 2 ساعته بر روی گروه مداخله اعمال گردید. داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس یک متغیری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند.
یافته ­ها: نتایج نشان داد آموزش فرزندپروری مبتنی بر ذهن­آگاهی منجر به تفاوت معنی­دار آماری بین مراحل پیش و پس از آزمون در نمره کلی اضطراب و نگرانی در گروه مداخله شد(001/0>p). به این صورت که در مرحله پس­آزمون بعد از کنترل نمرات پیش­آزمون، گروه مداخله نسبت به گروه کنترل اضطراب و نگرانی کمتری را گزارش نمودند.
نتیجه­ گیری: با توجه به اثربخش بودن استفاده از برنامه فرزندپروری مبتنی بر ذهن­آگاهی در کاهش علایم اضطراب و نگرانی مادران دارای کودک مبتلا به اختلال بیش­فعالی-کمبود توجه، آموزش این برنامه در راستای کاهش فشار روانی این گروه از افراد جامعه پیشنهاد می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Parenting Training on the Anxiety and Worry of Mothers who have Children with Attention-Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sadeghi M 1
  • N Hosseini Ramaghani 2
1 1-Assistant Professor, Dept of Psychology, University of Lorestan, Khorramabad, Iran.
2 PhD Student in Psychology, Dept of Psychology, University of Lorestan, Khorramabad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction:  Mothers who have children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder experience greater problems related to mental health including anxiety and worry. In this regard, the aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a mindfulness-based parenting training on the anxiety and worry of mothers who have children with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Materials and Methods: This Quasi-experimental study was conducted with a pre-test/post-test control group. For this purpose, 30 mothers of girls with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Using purposive sampling method. The Conners Parent Rating Scale and clinical interviews were used for screening and the anxiety inventory and Pennsylvania State Worry Questionnaire were used to collect data in two conditions [pretest and posttest]. Mindful Parenting course was implemented for the experimental group in 8 sessions of 2 hours each. Data were analyzed using ANCOVA.
Results: Results of ANCOVA showed that the mindful parenting course resulted in a statistically significant difference between pre-and post-test scores so that the experimental group had a lower rate of anxiety and worry (p<0/001).
Conclusion: Considering the results of this study, the mindful parenting course may be effective in reduction of anxiety and worry in mothers who have children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, this training course would be beneficial for mothers of children with this disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Mindful parenting program
  • Anxiety
  • worry

                                                                                                              

 

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