نقش گرایشات آندروژنی، شیوه‌های فرزند‌پروری و سبک اسنادی منفی در سازگاری معنوی دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز، سال 1395

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد خوزستان، اهواز، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی علوم رفتاری، مرکز تحقیقات اختلالات رفتاری و سوء مصرف مواد، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، پردیس علوم و تحقیقات خوزستان، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سازمان بهداشت جهانی معنویت را به عنوان بعد چهارم سلامت انسانی معرفی کرده است. هدف پژوهش حاضرتعیین نقش گرایشات آندروژنی، شیوه‌های فرزند‌پروری و سبک اسنادی منفی بر سازگاری معنوی در دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاداسلامی واحد اهواز در سال 1395بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این پژوهش مقطعی، جامعه آماری را کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز، که در سال تحصیلی 1395 مشغول به تحصیل بودند تشکیل می­دادند که 250 نفر به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس وارد مطالعه شدند. ابزارهای مطالعه پرسشنامه گرایشات آندروژنی (نقش جنسیتی بم)، پرسشنامه نگرش‌های فرزند‌پروری، پرسشنامه سبک‌های اسنادی پیترسون و سلیگمن و پرسشنامه سازگاری مذهبی- معنوی بود. داده‌ها با استفاده از روش همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چند‌گانه خطی مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند.
یافته‌ها:نتایج نشان داد بین گرایشات آندروژنی، نگرش فرزند‌پروری وابستگی شدید والدین، سبک اسنادی مثبت و سازگاری معنوی در دانشجویان همبستگی معنی­داری وجود داشت (05/0>p). بین نگرش فرزند‌پروری سلطه‌گری والدین و بی‌اعتنایی والدین، سبک اسنادی منفی و سازگاری معنوی در دانشجویان رابطه معنی­داری وجود نداشت. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد که می­توان سازگاری معنوی در دانشجویان را به وسیله متغیرهای گرایشات آندروژنی، نگرش‌های فرزندپروری سلطه‌گری، وابستگی شدید و بی‌اعتنایی و نیز سبک‌های اسنادی مثبت و منفی به طور معنی­داری پیش‌بینی نمود (002/0=p).
نتیجه گیری: احتمالا گرایشات آندروژنی، نگرش‌های فرزند‌پروری والدین و سبک‌های اسنادی نقش بسیار مهمی در سازگاری معنوی دانشجویان دارند. بنابراین لازم است که مسئولین در برنامه­ ریزی­های خود به این عوامل توجه لازم را داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Role of Androgenic Trends, Parenting Practices, and Negative Attributional Style on Spiritual Coping among Students of Islamic Azad University of Ahvaz, Iran, 2016

نویسندگان [English]

  • A hossieni garavandi 1
  • S yazdi ravandi 2
  • z haj sadeghi 3
1 MSc, Dept of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
2 PhD Student of Behavioral Sciences, Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
3 MSc, Dept of Clinical Psychology, College of Science and Research of Khuzestan, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran. Clinical Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Spirituality has been introduced as the fourth dimension of health by World Health Organization. The present research aimed to investigate the relationship between androgenic trends, parenting practices, and negative attributional style and spiritual coping among students of Islamic Azad University of Ahvaz, Iran.
Materials and Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study. The statistical population consisted of all the students of Islamic Azad University of Ahvaz who were studying in 2016. Out of these students, 250 individuals were included into the study using convenience random sampling. The tools used in the study included the Androgenic Disposition Inventory (the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI)), parental attitude questionnaire, Peterson and Seligman attribution style questionnaire, and spiritual/religious coping scale (SRCOPE Scale). The data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple regression, and SPSS software version 16.
Results: Findings showed that there was a significant correlation between androgenic trends, high parent dependency parenting attitude, positive attributional style and spiritual coping among the students (p<0.05). There was no significant relationship between parent domination parenting attitude, dismissive parenting attitude, negative attributional style and spiritual coping (p>0.05). Regression analysis showed that it is possible to significantly predict spiritual coping in the students using androgenic trends, parent domination parenting attitude, high parent dependency parenting attitude, and dismissive parenting attitude, and positive and negative attributional styles (p<0.002).
Conclusion: The findings showed that androgenic trends, parenting attitudes of parents, and attributional styles play very important roles in spiritual coping of students. Therefore, it is necessary for authorities to pay sufficient attention to this matter in future planning.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Androgenic trends
  • Attributional styles
  • Parenting practices
  • Spiritual coping
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