شاخص‌های بهوشیاری زمینه‌ای بر مبنای ناگویی خلقی و ابعاد مثبت- منفی کمال‌گرایی در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده روان شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

4 دکتری روان شناسی، گروه روان شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: بهوشیاری از مؤلفه‌های مهم سلامت روان‌شناختی است. با این حال نقش ناگویی خلقی و کمال‌گرایی مثبت-منفی در آن مشخص نیست. بنابراین، مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش ناگویی خلقی و ابعاد کمال­گرایی در بهوشیاری دانشجویان مقطع کارشناسی دانشگاه تبریز در سال تحصیلی 96-95 انجام شد.
مواد و روش ­ها: در یک تحقیق توصیفی-همبستگی، تعداد 150 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه تبریز به صورت در دسترس و داوطلبانه انتخاب شدند. داده­ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه پنج­وجهی ذهن آگاهی، مقیاس کمال­گرایی مثبت و منفی و مقیاس ناگویی خلقی جمع­آوری شدند. اطلاعات به دست آمده با استفاده از آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون خطی تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته ­ها: یافته­ ها نشان داد از بین مؤلفه‌های ناگویی خلقی، مؤلفه دشواری در تشخیص احساسات (24/0-β=و 029/0p=) قادر به پیش‌بینی بهوشیاری زمینه‌ای است. همچنین، ابعاد مثبت (27/0 β=و 000/0p=) و منفی (29/0- β=و 000/0p=) کمال­گرایی  قادر به پیش‌بینی واریانس بهوشیاری زمینه­ای در دانشجویان است.
نتیجه­ گیری: بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده، می­توان گفت که ناگویی خلقی (دشواری در تشخیص احساسات) و ابعاد مثبت و منفی کمال­گرایی می­توانند تعیین­گرهای بهوشیاری زمینه­ای دانشجویان باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determinants of Dispositional Mindfulness Based on Alexithymia and Positive and Negative Dimensions of Perfectionism in College Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • R Heshmati 1
  • A Sheikholeslami 2
  • S Jabbari 3
  • M Molaei 4
1 Assistant prof, Dept of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Associate prof, Dept of Education, Faculty of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardebil, Ardebil, Iran
3 MSc, Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardebili, Ardebil, Iran.
4 Ph.D, Dept of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Dispositional mindfulness is an important component of psychological health. Research shows that factors such as alexithymia and perfectionism affect mindfulness. The present research was performed with the aim of investigating the role of dispositional mindfulness on alexithymia and perfectionism among students of Tabriz University in the academic year 2016-2017.
Materials and Methods: in a descriptive-correlational study, 150 students from the University of Tabriz selected by using the available sampling method participated in the present research. The data were gathered using a five-dimension mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ), a positive and negative perfectionism scale and a alexithymia scale (TAS-20). The data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation test and the linear regression analysis in the SPSS software.   
Result: The results showed that there is negative relationship between difficulty in identifying feelings with mindfulness (B=0/24, p=029). Also, negative perfectionism (B=/029) and positive perfectionism (B=-/027) are able to predict the variance of mindfulness in students.
Conclusion: According to the obtained results, it can be concluded that difficulty in identifying feeings and perfectionism (Positive and negative) can be determinants of dispositional mindfulness in college students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mindfulness
  • alexithymia
  • Perfectionism
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