تأثیر برنامه آموزشی- حمایتی خانواده محور بر تعارض کار- خانواده پرستاران زن شهر زابل در سال 1396

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه پرستاری سلامت جامعه و مدیریت پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری ، مرکز تحقیقات عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر سلامت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گناباد، گناباد، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد پرستاری، گروه پرستاری سلامت جامعه و مدیریت پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گناباد، گناباد، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه پرستاری سالمندان و روان پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری، مرکز تحقیقات توسعه اجتماعی و ارتقاء سلامت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گناباد، گناباد، ایران.

4 کارشناس ارشد، گروه آمار زیستی، معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گناباد، گناباد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: تعارض کار-خانواده تعارض بین نقشی محسوب می‌شود. که یکی از عواملی که در بروز آن نقش دارد عدم حمایت اعضای خانواده و تقسیم کار سنتی است. هدف از این مطالعه، تعیین تأثیر برنامه آموزشی- حمایتی خانواده محور بر تعارض کار- خانواده پرستاران زن شهر زابل می‌باشد.
مواد و روش­ ها: پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه تجربی است. نمونه آماری پژوهش، 50 زوج بودند که از میان پرستاران زن شاغل در دو بیمارستان شهر زابل در سال 1396 به روش نمونه‌گیری چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند و در دو گروه آزمون و کنترل (25 زوج برای هر گروه) قرار گرفتند. پس از تکمیل پرسشنامه تعارض کار-خانواده کارلسون و اتمام دوره 8 جلسه‌ای (هر 3 روز یک و نیم ساعت به مدت یک ماه) آموزش مدیریت خانواده در گروه آزمایش، مجدداً پرسشنامه‌ها در هر دو گروه اجرا شد و داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون t دو نمونه‌ای مستقل و Mann-Withney U مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند.
یافته ­ها: بین نمره تعارض کار-خانواده قبل از مداخله در گروه آزمون (36/63) و کنترل (40/61)  تفاوت معنی‌دار وجود نداشت (383/0p=). ولی بعد از مداخله در گروه آزمون (31/56) به‌طور معنی‌دار کمتر بود (005/0p=).
نتیجه‌ گیری: به نظر می‌رسد آموزش مدیریت نقش‌های خانواده می‌تواند باعث کاهش تعارض کار- خانواده گردد. بنابراین، این مداخله به‌عنوان برنامه‌ای مؤثر در جهت کاهش تعارض کار- خانواده زوجین توصیه می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Family-Centered Educational-Support Program on Work-Family Conflicts of Female Nurses in the City of Zabol in 2017

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sh Khosravan 1
  • A Jor 2
  • L Sadegh moghadam 3
  • B Mazlom shahri 4
1 Associate Prof, Dept of Community Health Nursing and Management Nursing, School of Nursing, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
2 MSc in Community Health Nursing, Dept of Community Health Nursing and Management Nursing, School of Nursing, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
3 Assistant Prof. Dept of mental & aging nursing faculty of nursing. Social development and health promotion research center Gonabad University of Medical Science, Gonabad, Iran.
4 MSc in Biostatistics, Dept of Research and Technology, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The work-family conflict in considered as an inter-role conflict to which lack of support from family members and traditional work division are two important contributing factors. This study aims to determine the impact of a family-centered educational-support program on the work-family conflict of female nurses in the city of Zabol in 2017.
Materials and Methods: This research is semi-experimental. The statistical sample included 50 couples selected among the female nurses working in two hospitals of Zabol in 2017 through the multi-stage sampling. They were divided into two groups of control and test (25 partners per each group). Questionnaires were reused in both groups after completion of the Calrson work-family conflict questionnaire and an eight-session course of the family management training in the test group (one and a half hour every three days, within one month). Data were analyzed in SPSS software version 20 using the independent two-sample t-test and Mann-Whitney U.   
Results: There was no significant difference between the work-family conflictscore before the intervention in the test group (63.36) and the control group (61.40) (p=0.382); but it was significantly lower after the intervention in the test group (56.31) (p=0.005).
Conclusion: It seems that the family roles management trainings can reduce the work-family conflict. Therefore, this intervention is recommended as an effective program for reducing the work-family conflict of couples.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • work-family conflict
  • Family-centered Care
  • Family Management
  • Nurse
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