عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Introduction: Nowadays, more than ever, we are witnessing an increase in the level of education and employment of women, and as mothers play an important role in primary education and character formation of their children, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of mothers’ education level and employment on self-efficacy in the sixth grade students in Tehran.
Materials and Methods: Four hundred and forty (220 girls and 220 boys) sixth graders from southern Tehran were chosen through cluster random method to participate in this study. Data was collected by Scherer and colleagues efficacy questionnaire (1982) and analyzed by using two-way variance analysis.
Results: The mothers’ education level do affect the children’s self-efficiency, and there was a meaningful difference in self-efficacy of students with their mothers having different educational levels (P<0/05). However, self-efficacy is not highly affected by mothers being housewife or employed.
Conclusion: The ineffectiveness of employment or unemployment of mothers is not the only determining factor in self – efficiency, and its effect may also depend on the family’s economic situation and income, the type of job, working time, the difficulty of the job, her interest and inclination to the job, position, and job level. It is worth mentioning that in order to increase the awareness of parents of effective educational methods in self-efficiency, we should put much effort.